First test flight of stratospheric solar plane (Update)

May 5, 2017
Raphael Domjan, who initiated the SolarStratos project, Raphael Domjan, shakes hands with pilot Damian Hischier after the first test flight

The first solar plane aimed at reaching the stratosphere made an initial low-altitude test flight over Switzerland Friday.

The SolarStratos, a super-light, sleek, white two-seater aircraft with long wings covered with solar panels, took off from Payerne at 8:00 am (0600 GMT), according to an AFP photographer at the airbase in western Switzerland.

"The maiden flight of the prototype ... went off without a hitch," the SolarStratos team said in a statement.

Pilot Damian Hischier took the craft for a seven-minute test flight, reaching an altitude of 300 metres (nearly 1,000 feet), it said.

"The group will now study the test flight results before scheduling a longer flight at higher altitude," the statement added.

Eventually, the plane is expected to be able to fly at an altitude of 25,000 metres (82,000 feet), an impossible feat using a propulsion-driven aircraft.

Swiss adventurer Raphael Domjan, who is behind the project, aims to take the plane on its first stratospheric flight next year.

Harness potential

"We must continue to work hard to learn how to harness the potential of this solar-powered treasure," he said Friday.

"We want to demonstrate that with current technology, it is possible to go beyond what fossil fuels offer."

The SolarStratos is 8.5 metres long, with long wings covered with 22 square metres (237 square feet) of solar panels, which are meant to provide it with 24 hours of autonomous flying time.

The plane weighs just 450 kilos (992 pounds).

Domjan, who in 2012 became the first person to sail around the world in a fully solar-powered boat, is aiming to go on a five-hour mission into the stratosphere: two hours up and three hours back.

The stratosphere lies above Earth's lowest atmospheric layer, called the troposphere.

At middle latitudes, the stratosphere runs from a lower boundary of about 10,000 metres to an upper boundary of about 50,000 metres.

Until now, reaching the stratosphere has required large quantities of energy or helium.

Reaching an altitude of 25,000 metres will pose huge technical and human challenges, SolarStratos points out on its website.

The plane and pilot will also be subject to temperatures as low as -70 degrees Celsius (-94 degrees Fahrenheit), it said.

And for weight reasons, the aircraft will not be pressurised, forcing Domjan to wear a spacesuit, meaning he will not be able to get out of the plane using a parachute in the case of an emergency, SolarStratos said.

The project comes after two of Domjan's compatriots, Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg, completed the first-ever round-the-globe trip in a solar plane last July, in a bid to showcase the possibilities for the future of renewable energy.

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winthrom
3 / 5 (2) May 06, 2017
Recommend he use a space suit that blocks cosmic rays too.
Eikka
5 / 5 (2) May 07, 2017
Eventually, the plane is expected to be able to fly at an altitude of 25,000 metres (82,000 feet), an impossible feat using a propulsion-driven aircraft.


What is a non-propulsion driven aircraft? Flying on prayers?

Bart_A
4 / 5 (1) May 07, 2017
hmmm this plane has propellers in the front. And it is NOT a propulsion-driven aircraft? Does not make sense.

antigoracle
not rated yet May 07, 2017
You could develop a "nice" crispy tan, flying in that thing.
barakn
5 / 5 (3) May 07, 2017
I'm guessing there's a translation error in there. They mean it's too high for air-breathing engine but too low for sustained rocket flights. My big question is how did they manage a solar-powered flight during a rainstorm?
antialias_physorg
5 / 5 (2) May 08, 2017
how did they manage a solar-powered flight during a rainstorm?

It has 20kWh of batteries on board (mostly for takeoff and helping in the initial climb). That's more than enough for the 7 minute roundtrip.

Note that the article doesn't say that they were solar powered during the test flight.

I'm guessing there's a translation error in there.

Probably. This being (franco) swiss they probably used the french word 'propulsion', which more properly translates to 'jet engine' in english in this context.
Davy_Crockett
4 / 5 (1) May 08, 2017
I don't know how, but if the plane in the picture could reach 54 000ft.. I think it would be some kind of record. Maybe then they should call it a day and try to return to the ground. That's all you would have to do to prove the concept to everybody, surely! I will keep my fingers crossed for this one.
Eikka
not rated yet May 16, 2017
It's my understanding that the reason why propeller aircraft can't reach very high altitudes is because as the speed of the plane increases the blade tips start breaking the sound barrier and the prop loses efficiency if it doesn't break down from the buffeting.

It also has something to do with this:
https://en.wikipe...ynamics)

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