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Highly sensitive sensors to measure the heart and brain activity

Electrical signals measurements such as the ECG (electrocardiogram) can show how the human brain or heart works. Next to electrical signals magnetic signals also reveal something about the activity of these organs. They could ...

'Nanochains' could increase battery capacity, cut charging time

How long the battery of your phone or computer lasts depends on how many lithium ions can be stored in the battery's negative electrode material. If the battery runs out of these ions, it can't generate an electrical current ...

The perfect atomic-scale sieve

Graphene is perfectly selective to protons and blocks even smallest ions like chlorine, University of Manchester research shows. This result will be important for the development of graphene-based membranes for applications ...

Scientists create fully electronic 2-D spin transistors

Physicists from the University of Groningen constructed a two-dimensional spin transistor, in which spin currents were generated by an electric current through graphene. A monolayer of a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) ...

Diamonds are forever: New foundation for nanostructures

Devices smaller than the width of a human hair are key to technologies for drug delivery, semiconductors, and fuel production. But current methods for fabricating these micro- and nanostructures can be expensive and wasteful.

Nanoantennas help detectors see more heat, less noise

Sandia National Laboratories researchers have developed tiny, gold antennas to help cameras and sensors that "see" heat deliver clearer pictures of thermal infrared radiation for everything from stars and galaxies to people, ...

Conductivity at the edges of graphene bilayers

The conductivity of dual layers of graphene greatly depends on the states of carbon atoms at their edges; a property which could have important implications for information transmissions on quantum scales.

Time-saving simulation of peeling graphene sheets

Control of atomic-scale friction and adhesion is critical for effective manipulation of the motion of nano- or micro-meter scale objects at interfaces. For example, in nanotechnology controlling adhesion during the peeling ...

Chameleon inspires 'smart skin' that changes color in the sun

A chameleon can alter the color of its skin so it either blends into the background to hide or stands out to defend its territory and attract a mate. The chameleon makes this trick look easy, using photonic crystals in its ...

Optical vacuum cleaner can manipulate nanoparticles

Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with Russian and international colleagues developed the concept for constructing an "optical vacuum cleaner." Due to its optical properties, it can trap nanoparticles from ...

Using nature to produce a revolutionary optical material

An international team of researchers has reported a new way to safeguard drones, surveillance cameras and other equipment against laser attacks, which can disable or destroy the equipment. The capability is known as optical ...

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Directional plasmon excitation at molecular scales
Engineers build advanced microprocessor out of carbon nanotubes
Ultrahigh thermal isolation across heterogeneously layered two-dimensional materials
Breakthroughs seen in artificial eye and muscle technology
Nano-thermometer takes temperature inside cells
New study reveals carbon nanotubes measurement possible for the first time
Researchers realize world's thinnest optical hologram with 2-D material monolayer
Crossover from 2-D metal to 3-D Dirac semimetal in metallic PtTe2 films with local Rashba effect
Chemical and physical origins of friction on surfaces with atomic steps
Optofluidic chip with nanopore 'smart gate' developed for single molecule analysis
Metal-oxide semiconductor nanomembrane-based multifunctional electronics for wearable-human interfaces
High temperature thermal shocks increase stability of single-atom catalysts
Graphene paves the way for novel product enabling industrial users
Researchers take a direct image of magic-angle twisted graphene sheets
How do atoms vibrate in graphene nanostructures?

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