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Artificial materials reconstruct porpoise's echolocation

Over millions of years, porpoises have developed powerful biosonar with high accuracy and intelligence to detect and track prey in noisy underwater environments. The sound source in a porpoise is about one half of the wavelength ...

Instant messaging in proteins discovered

Proteins are essential for every living cell and responsible for many fundamental processes. In particular, they are required as bio-catalysts in metabolism and for signaling inside the cell and between cells. Many diseases ...

Synthetic fuels could shrink carbon footprint

Synthetic fuels, made using carbon captured from the air, farm waste or biomass, could help the transport sector reduce its reliance on fossil fuels and meet "net-zero" greenhouse gas emission goals.

The rise, fall and resurgence of gene therapy

Twenty years ago, scientists and investors were giddy over the promise of gene therapy to cure a host of deadly diseases. But the tragic death of a young man from an experimental treatment in 1999 nearly ended a scientist's ...

New algorithms shown to accelerate biopharmaceutical process

Biopharmaceuticals are necessary, life-saving tools. But the process for making them is time-consuming and costly, particularly when it comes to the process of purification—the removal of unwanted elements like proteins, ...

Researchers develop thermo-responsive protein hydrogel

Imagine a perfectly biocompatible, protein-based drug delivery system durable enough to survive in the body for more than two weeks and capable of providing sustained medication release. An interdisciplinary research team ...

Porcupinefish inspires sturdy superhydrophobic material

Nature has evolved a dazzling array of materials that help organisms thrive in diverse habitats. Sometimes, scientists can exploit these designs to develop useful materials with similar or completely new functions. Now, researchers ...

An eco-friendly method for the synthesis of cinnamaldehyde

A RUDN University chemist has developed an ecologically safe method of obtaining cinnamaldehyde—a compound with antibacterial and anticancer activity. The scientist used catalysts based on iron and palladium nanoparticles ...

Programmable swarmbots help make flexible biological tools

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have developed a new platform to create biologic drugs using specially engineered bacteria that burst and release useful proteins when they sense that their capsule is becoming too ...

Elusive compounds of greenhouse gas isolated

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent atmospheric pollutant. Although naturally occurring, anthropogenic N2O emissions from intensive agricultural fertilisation, industrial processes, and combustion of fossil fuels and biomass ...

Happy hour for time-resolved crystallography

Researchers from the Department of Atomically Resolved Dynamics of the Max Planck institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg, the University of Hamburg ...

New approach suggests path to emissions-free cement

It's well known that the production of cement—the world's leading construction material—is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for about 8 percent of all such releases. If cement production were a country, ...

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Painting the molecular canvas in super-resolution
Materials Science
Common drug source of insights into formation of 'butterfly' crystals
Analytical Chemistry
A safer way for police to test drug evidence
Materials Science
Statistical inference to mimic the operating manner of highly-experienced crystallographer
Materials Science
A reusable catalyst for the synthesis of esters
Materials Science
Using wood's natural ability to flex when drying to create curved structures
Materials Science
Just add water—Chemists uncover a mechanism behind doping organic semiconductors
Materials Science
New route to carbon-neutral fuels from carbon dioxide discovered
Analytical Chemistry
Breakthrough in harnessing the power of biological catalysts
Analytical Chemistry
Measuring ethanol's deadly twin
Materials Science
Army research looks at pearls for clues on enhancing lightweight armor for soldiers
Study probes interplay of proteins in type 2 diabetes
New sample holder for protein crystallography
Materials Science
A combination of wood fibres and spider silk could rival plastic
Materials Science
Lower carbon dioxide emissions on the horizon for cement
Materials Science
Team discovers polymorph selection during crystal growth can be thermodynamically driven
A molecular string phone at work
Analytical Chemistry
Researchers use light to control high-speed chemical reactions in a new way
Analytical Chemistry
Initial repulsion in chemical bonding does not rule out subsequent attraction
Materials Science
SLIPS and pitfalls: Synthetic surfaces inspired by a pitcher pitfall trap

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Cell & Microbiology
Key similarities discovered between human and archaea chromosomes
Archaeology & Fossils
First glimpse at what ancient Denisovans may have looked like, using DNA methylation data
The design, construction and characterization of new nanovibrational bioreactors for osteogenesis
Plasma Physics
Plasma flow near sun's surface explains sunspots, other solar phenomena
Pulsating gamma rays from neutron star rotating 707 times a second
Archaeology & Fossils
Did a common childhood illness take down the Neanderthals?
Earth Sciences
Global warming simulations: Parts of U.K. and northern Europe to see more compound flooding
Study estimates more than 100,000 cancer cases could stem from contaminants in tap water
Social Sciences
Study suggests college grads who value time over money happier a year later
Earth Sciences
Deep learning application able to predict El Niño events up to 18 months in advance
Nano bulb lights novel path: Engineers create tunable, nanoscale, incandescent light source
Cell & Microbiology
Study reveals the intertwined response of pathogen and host during fungal infections
Quantum Physics
Engineers using soundwaves to search through big data with more stability and ease
Economics & Business
How carbon taxes can succeed
Earth Sciences
New study suggests gigantic masses in Earth's mantle untouched for more than 4 billion years
Plants & Animals
Fish DNA in lake sediment can help determine native species, study shows
Earth Sciences
Student discovers unusual new mineral inside a diamond
General Physics
Scientists develop technique to observe radiation damage over a quadrillionth of a second
Optics & Photonics
Team closes in on 'holy grail' of room temperature quantum computing chips
Earth Sciences
Study of ancient climate suggests future warming could accelerate