Nanophysics

Single-atom tractor beams power chemical catalysis

By trapping light into tiny gaps only a few atoms wide, a team from the NanoPhotonics Center at the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge has magnified optical forces a thousand-fold, strong enough to force ...

Astrobiology

Curiosity rover takes inventory of key life ingredient on Mars

Scientists using data from NASA's Curiosity rover have measured the total organic carbon—a key component in the molecules of life—in Martian rocks for the first time.

Researchers show how the liver can control the brain and behavior

A new Yale study has found that the liver plays a major role in regulating feeding behavior in mice, a discovery that could have implications for people with eating disorders and metabolic diseases. The study, which was done ...

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Tech Xplore

Destiny of science modeled and explained in new study

What is the common thread among mRNA vaccines, genomic drugs, NASA's mission to the moon and the harnessing of nuclear power? They all have been products of science convergence, where knowledge from multiple scientific disciplines ...

Urban density strongly correlates with house sparrow health

House sparrows (Passer domesticus) have adapted to urban environments, which are changing and growing faster than ever before. A range of both biotic and abiotic factors—including habitat fragmentation, changing food availability, ...

New fluorophores could help fight cancer

Scientists from the Ural Federal University and the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences have created new fluorescent chemical compounds (fluorophores) for photodynamic therapy of cancerous tumors, the latest method ...

Adding an online dimension to university rankings

The COVID-19 pandemic has driven the digital transformation of university education. Over the last two years, the rest of the world's higher education centers have joined the pioneering universities which were created and ...

Will renaming carp 'copi' help control them?

Illinois officials this month announced that Asian carp would now be called "copi" in an attempt to make the fish more desirable for eating. Joseph Parkos, the director of the Illinois Natural History Survey's Kaskaskia, ...