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Detecting hydrothermal vents in volcanic lakes

Geothermal manifestations at Earth's surface can be mapped and characterized by a variety of well-established exploration methods. However, mapping hydrothermal vents in aquatic environments is more challenging as conventional ...

Atacama Desert microbes may hold clues to life on Mars

Microbial life on Mars may potentially be transported across the planet on dust particles carried by wind, according to a study conducted in the Atacama Desert in North Chile, a well-known Mars analogue. The findings are ...

Early life on Earth limited by enzyme

The enzyme-nitrogenase-can be traced back to the universal common ancestor of all cells more than four billion years ago.

Switching on the Atlantic heat pump

34 million years ago, the warm greenhouse climate of the dinosaur age ended, and the colder icehouse climate of today commenced. Antarctica glaciated first, and geological data imply that the Atlantic meridional overturning ...

Applying machine learning in intelligent weather consultation

Weather forecasting is a typical problem of coupling big data with physical-process models, according to Prof. Pingwen Zhang, an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Director of the National Engineering Laboratory ...

Why we need new climate models

Climate models are a success story, given that much of what they predicted has actually come true. Nevertheless, Reto Knutti points out in a blog post, researchers still need new models.

Five things to know about Greenland

US President Donald Trump has confirmed he is keen to buy Greenland, an autonomous Danish territory rich in natural resources and of increasing geopolitical relevance as the Arctic ice sheet melts.

Rise of dinosaurs linked to increasing oxygen levels

Scientists have found that increasing oxygen levels are linked to the rise of North American dinosaurs around 215 M years ago. A new technique for measuring oxygen levels in ancient rocks shows that oxygen levels in North ...

Origin of massive methane reservoir identified

New research from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) published Aug. 19, 2019, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science provides evidence of the formation and abundance of abiotic methane—methane formed ...

Study reveals profound patterns in globally important algae

A globally important ocean algae is mysteriously scarce in one of the most productive regions of the Atlantic Ocean, according to a new paper in Deep Sea Research I. A massive dataset has revealed patterns in the regions ...

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Earth Sciences
Earth's future is being written in fast-melting Greenland
Earth Sciences
Scientists finally know how big earthquakes start: with many smaller ones
Earth Sciences
Climate change may change the way ocean waves impact 50% of the world's coastlines
Earth Sciences
Glacier-fed rivers may consume atmospheric carbon dioxide
Earth Sciences
Rebuilding after wildfire is not enough to curb future disasters
Earth Sciences
Earthquake-warning system that could provide smartphone alerts to Pacific Northwest gets funding boost
Earth Sciences
Methods for reducing the risks of melting glaciers
Earth Sciences
New model agrees with old: Nuclear war between US and Russia would result in nuclear winter
Earth Sciences
New study offers roadmap for detecting changes in the ocean due to climate change
Earth Sciences
Research shows why there's a 'sweet spot' depth for underground magma chambers
Earth Sciences
Circulation of water in deep Earth's interior
Earth Sciences
Scientists co-author Edwards Aquifer memoir
Earth Sciences
Scientists assess reliability of multiple precipitable water vapor datasets in Central Asia
Earth Sciences
Which city is most polluted? No one knows
Earth Sciences
Superdeep diamonds confirm ancient reservoir deep under Earth's surface
Earth Sciences
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth's carbon cycle
Earth Sciences
Warmer winters are changing the makeup of water in Black Sea
Earth Sciences
Research: Link between increased atmospheric vapor deficit and worldwide loss of vegetation
Earth Sciences
Data assimilation method offers improved hurricane forecasting
Earth Sciences
Researchers explore how Antarctic ice sheets will respond to climate change and global sea level rise

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Space Exploration
New images from asteroid probe offer clues on planet formation
Nanophysics
Ultrahigh thermal isolation across heterogeneously layered two-dimensional materials
Astronomy
Storms on Jupiter are disturbing the planet's colorful belts
Materials Science
Biomaterials smarten up with CRISPR
Cell & Microbiology
Map of malaria behavior set to revolutionize research
General Physics
Maximum mass of lightest neutrino revealed using astronomical big data
Biotechnology
Experiments illuminate key component of plants' immune systems
Astrobiology
Study shows some exoplanets may have greater variety of life than exists on Earth
Optics & Photonics
Cracking a decades-old test, researchers bolster case for quantum mechanics
Materials Science
Materials scientists build a synthetic system with compartments like real cells
Biotechnology
High-precision technique stores cellular 'memory' in DNA
Astronomy
Astronomers investigate radio burst emission from the magnetar XTE J1810−197
Nanophysics
Nano-thermometer takes temperature inside cells
Ecology
What's killing sea otters? Scientists pinpoint parasite strain
Environment
The case for retreat in the battle against climate change
Bio & Medicine
Structure of protein nanoturbine revealed
Quantum Physics
Quantum gravity's tangled time
Cell & Microbiology
Scientists successfully innoculate, grow crops in salt-damaged soil
Biotechnology
Cell suicide could hold key for brain health and food security
Archaeology & Fossils
Vikings arrived in Ireland when the population was in serious decline