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Researchers take two steps toward green fuel

An international collaboration led by scientists at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT) , Japan, has developed a two-step method to more efficiently break down carbohydrates into their single sugar components, ...

A new paradigm of material identification based on graph theory

Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and National Materials Genome Project have been launched by American and Chinese government in the past decade. One of the major goals of these missions is to facilitate the identification ...

A metal-free, sustainable approach to carbon dioxide reduction

Researchers in Japan have presented an organic catalyst for carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction that is inexpensive, readily available and recyclable. As the level of catalytic activity can be tuned by the solvent conditions, ...

New record: 3-D-printed optical-electronic integration

Optoelectronic integration offers a promising strategy to simultaneously obtain the merits of electrons and photons when they serve as information carriers, including high-density communication and high-speed information ...

Carbon-neutral fuels move a step closer

Chemists at EPFL have developed an efficient process for converting carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, a key ingredient of synthetic fuels and materials.

Revealing 'hidden' phases of matter through the power of light

Most people think of water as existing in only one of three phases: Solid ice, liquid water, or gas vapor. But matter can exist in many different phases—ice, for example, has more than ten known phases, or ways that its ...

Materials informatics reveals new class of super-hard alloys

A new method of discovering materials using data analytics and electron microscopy has found a new class of extremely hard alloys. Such materials could potentially withstand severe impact from projectiles, thereby providing ...

Breathing new life into dye-sensitized solar cells

Researchers at the Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences at Kyoto University have made a popular type of dye-sensitized solar cell more efficient by adjusting and updating its structure. Published in the Journal ...

Electron beam strengthens recyclable nanocomposite

Polymers reinforced with carbon fibers combine strength and low weight. They also boast significant green credentials as they are less resource-intensive during production and use, and they are readily recycled. While the ...

Pulsed electron beams shed light on plastics production

Plastics are all around us—they make up our water bottles, trash bags, packing materials, toys, containers, and more. About 300 million tons of plastic are produced worldwide each year, yet the details of what goes on at ...

Learning from nature's bounty: New libraries for drug discovery

Natural products, or their close derivatives, make some of our most potent medicines, among which macrocycles with their large carbon-rich ring systems are one class. The size and complexity of macrocycles has made it difficult ...

Old bread becomes new textiles

Is it possible to create textiles from old bread? Akram Zamani, senior lecturer in resource recycling at the University of Borås, wants to find out. And she has already come a long way.

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Materials Science
Engineers use graph networks to accurately predict properties of molecules and crystals
Materials Science
Getting the oil out of befouled water
Materials Science
Two distinct physical mechanisms identified for how simple foams collapse
Materials Science
Study identifies most promising feedstocks for pyrolysis-based biorefinery
Materials Science
New core-shell catalyst for ethanol fuel cells
Analytical Chemistry
With molecular data storage, cat videos could outlast us all
Materials Science
One-two-punch catalysts trapping carbon dioxide for cleaner fuels
Materials Science
Neutrons allow analysis of polymer gels' unusual attributes
Materials Science
Toward a low-cost industrialization of lithium-ion capacitors
Researchers develop fast, efficient way to build amino acid chains
Analytical Chemistry
Researchers find a way to produce free-standing films of perovskite oxides
Materials Science
A polar-bear-inspired material for heat insulation
Materials Science
New molecular sieves
Materials Science
Organic electronics: A new semiconductor in the carbon-nitride family
Materials Science
New synthesis of complex organic molecules revealed
Materials Science
A complete set of energy level positions of all primary metal-halide perovskites

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Space Exploration
Womankind's giant leap: who will be the first female moonwalker?
Space Exploration
Cassini reveals new sculpting in Saturn rings
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Raising fluid walls around living cells
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Discovery of light-induced ferroelectricity in strontium titanate
Electron (or 'hole') pairs may survive effort to kill superconductivity
A shady spot may protect species against rapid climate warming
Lawyers suggest better labeling on prophetic patent applications
Condensed Matter
Phase-change materials from smartphones may lead to higher data storage, energy efficiency
What drives Yellowstone's massive elk migrations?
Earth Sciences
No direct link between north Atlantic currents, sea level along New England coast
Hubble sets sights on an explosive galaxy
Quantum Physics
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Optics & Photonics
Laser trick produces high-energy terahertz pulses
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Gaining a better understanding of what happens when two atoms meet
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Satellite observations improve earthquake monitoring, response
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Oscillating quasiparticles: the cycle of decay and rebirth
Using carbon nanotubes to strengthen graphene-based membranes used for desalination
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To the Moon and back: 50 years on, a giant leap into the unknown
Plants & Animals
Exciting plant vacuoles: Researchers shed new light on plant communication via electrical signals