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California shellfish farmers adapt to climate change

Because of their proximity to the ocean, Californians get to enjoy locally-sourced oysters, mussels, abalone and clams. Most of the shellfish consumed here come from aquaculture farms along the coast—from San Diego to Humboldt ...

Organic farming or flower strips: Which is better for bees?

How effective environmental measures in agriculture are for biodiversity and wild bee populations depends on various factors and your perspective. This is shown by agroecologists from the University of Göttingen, Germany ...

Digging into soil biology recovery after petroleum contamination

Spills and leaks of petroleum products wreak havoc on the environment. They can contaminate soils and pose significant threats to humans, animals, plants, and soil microbes. Cleaning up petroleum contamination can be energy ...

What happens when plants have stress reactions to touch

A 30-year-old genetic mystery has been solved. It has previously been established that touch can trigger stress reactions in plants. However, the molecular models for explaining this process have been quite spartan so far. ...

A new tool to verify the geographical origins of virgin olive oil

Olive oil is one of the most prestigious agri-foods in Spain and it is the base of the Mediterranean diet. Adulteration and commercial fraud cases occur when it comes to the origin and varieties of a product with such an ...

Development of a potential super wheat for salty soils

Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have developed several new varieties of wheat that tolerate soils with higher salt concentrations. After having mutated a wheat variety from Bangladesh, they now have a wheat with ...

What's in your weed? You might be surprised

Labels like indica, sativa and hybrid—commonly used to distinguish one category of cannabis from another—tell consumers little about what's in their product, and could be confusing or misleading, suggests a new study ...

How does light turn peach peels red?

Peach skin coloration is an important quality that affects the commercial value of the fruit. However, how light affects its coloration remains unclear.

How fast-growing algae could enhance growth of food crops

A new study provides a framework to boost crop growth by incorporating a strategy adopted from a fast-growing species of green algae. The algae, known as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, contain an organelle called the pyrenoid ...

Overgrazing disrupts entire ecosystem

The Tibetan highlands have a special significance both as a grazing ecosystem and global carbon store. Furthermore, it plays a key role in the formation of the monsoon and supplying of potable water for a fifth of the earth's ...

New strategies to save the world's most indispensable grain 

Plants—they're just like us, with unique techniques for handling stress. To save one of the most important crops on Earth from extreme climate swings, scientists are mapping out plants' own stress-busting strategies.

Report evaluates food diversity in 10 Mediterranean countries

The Mediterranean diet is underpinned by diverse foods. However, after assessing agrobiodiversity consumption, production and conservation in the region, researchers say that further actions are needed—particularly on farms—to ...

For plant-based proteins, soy is a smart choice

Soy—the versatile protein source that comes from the species of legumes known as soybeans—is becoming a popular alternative to meat and dairy products, and for good reason. Whether you are trying to eat healthier, eat ...

Vine removal technique foils devastating grape disease

Removing not only a diseased grapevine but the two vines on either side of it can reduce the incidence of leafroll disease, a long-standing bane of vineyards around the world, Cornell researchers have found.

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Environmentally friendly insecticide selectively targets cotton pest
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Study offers clues to understanding the infection mechanisms of a lethal fungus affecting more than 100 crops
Plants & Animals
Positive for the environment and for the grower: The benefits of introducing herbaceous crops among mandarin trees
Ecology
Helping rain stay where it lands
Ecology
Increases in planting density tend to decrease water use efficiency in rubber trees
Agriculture
How hybrid plant varieties could address the challenges of food security and climate change
Plants & Animals
Unraveling the genetic keys to improve canola crop yield
Agriculture
Iraq's prized rice crop threatened by drought
Ecology
Fighting white-nose syndrome in bats benefits agriculture, study shows
Agriculture
Michigan profs push 'pee for peonies' urine diversion plan
Biotechnology
Sweet lime oils defeat pests
Plants & Animals
Tadpoles for dinner? Indigenous community in Mexico reveals a favorite recipe for a particular frog
Agriculture
US fish stocks continue era of rebuilding and recovery
Agriculture
A shrinking fraction of the world's major crops goes to feed the hungry, with more used for nonfood purposes
Ecology
Global food trade research upends assumptions about how biodiversity fares
Biotechnology
Predicting disease and pest risk for fruit crops and diversifying the flower industry through digital innovation
Agriculture
Effect of climate change on kidney beans, bean sprouts and green beans
Biotechnology
Higher wheat yields and protein content on the horizon
Molecular & Computational biology
Structure of 'gliding bird' plant protein could lead to better crops

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Environment
New study explains how to broaden strategy to avert catastrophic climate change
Evolution
Ancient crocodile found in Peru sheds new light on their origin
Plants & Animals
Gene-edited tomatoes could be a new source of vitamin D
Plants & Animals
A type of wasp that cannibalizes its sibling larvae
Nanomaterials
Generating high-resolution self-packaged liquid metal nanopatterns
Astronomy
New calculations of solar spectrum resolve decade-long controversy about the sun's chemical composition
Astronomy
Research sheds more light on the properties of young planetary nebula IC 4997
Materials Science
Carbon capture takes sponge-like form with new cost-effective method
Optics & Photonics
One step closer to making terahertz technology usable in the real world
Optics & Photonics
Diamond mirrors for high-powered lasers
Plants & Animals
New 'CRISPR-Combo' method boosts genome editing power in plants
Materials Science
Low-cost gel film can pluck drinking water from desert air
Economics & Business
Foreign fishing fleets and trade are taking fish nutrients away from malnourished people
Paleontology & Fossils
What 40-million-year-old tropical reef corals tell us about climate change
Optics & Photonics
Halting a wave in its tracks
Optics & Photonics
Emulating impossible 'unipolar' laser pulses paves the way for processing quantum information
Optics & Photonics
Shining new light on cell membranes with improved imaging
Evolution
A family of termites has been traversing the world's oceans for millions of years
Plants & Animals
Skydiving salamanders live in world's tallest trees
Plants & Animals
Sea corals are source of sought-after 'anti-cancer' compound