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From genes to growth: The science behind miniature apple trees

Apple farming heavily relies on dwarfing rootstocks like M9 for high-density planting and improved fruit quality. However, the exact mechanisms behind the dwarfing effect remain unclear. Previous studies have indicated that ...

Sweetpotato's sweet revenge against fungal disease

Sweetpotato black rot is a devastating disease caused by the fungus Ceratocystis fimbriata. Since the late 1800s, black rot of sweetpotato has threatened to destroy as much as 30% of the sweetpotato crop in the United States. ...

Scientists engineer yellow-seeded camelina with high oil output

Efforts to achieve net-zero carbon emissions from transportation fuels are increasing demand for oil produced by nonfood crops. These plants use sunlight to power the conversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide into oil, which ...

Researchers uncover secrets of the golden barra

James Cook University researchers and Mainstream Aquaculture are a step closer to unlocking the mysteries of gold and platinum barramundi after identifying what gives the species their unique looks.

Fine-tuning leaf angle with CRISPR improves sugarcane yield

Sugarcane is the world's largest crop by biomass yield, providing 80% of the sugar and 40% of the biofuel produced worldwide. The plant's size and efficient use of water and light make it a prime candidate to produce advanced ...

Study reveals diverse flavor profiles in 38 grape cultivars

The flavor of table grapes, influenced by various volatile compounds, plays a significant role in consumer preference and marketability. Traditional flavor analysis methods often fail to capture the complexity and diversity ...

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Molecular & Computational biology
Lavender's secret: Genetic regulator boosts plant health and fragrance output
Molecular & Computational biology
Biosynthesis, metabolic engineering and pharmacology of bioactive compounds from the Lonicera genus
Molecular & Computational biology
Advances in omics research of Rosaceae
Molecular & Computational biology
Regulation of secondary metabolite accumulation in medicinal plants
Molecular & Computational biology
Citrus saviors: Scientists discover genetic defense against Huanglongbing disease
Biotechnology
New egg decontamination method preserves nutritional quality
Molecular & Computational biology
Unlocking banana disease resistance: Key enzymes identified for phytoalexin synthesis
Ecology
Diversity in farm landscapes helps wildlife, global study finds
Molecular & Computational biology
Food security: Researchers discover gene for resistance against a disease that ravages rice and wheat crops
Biotechnology
Researchers harness drones and AI to monitor invasive stink bugs
Plants & Animals
Democratizing plant research: A new cost-effective solution for advanced phenotyping
Molecular & Computational biology
Unlocking salt tolerance: Sea lavender's genetic secret revealed
Molecular & Computational biology
Plant flowering gene atlas paves the way for advanced horticultural studies
Molecular & Computational biology
Unlocking the genetic secrets of cabbage: Key inversions suppress recombination for crop improvement
Plants & Animals
Studies find frequent mowing puts poisonous weed into survival mode, creating 'superweed'
Plants & Animals
Scientists discover key nutrients that help plants beat the heat
Ecology
Study shows climate change boosts olive tree-devouring bacteria in the Mediterranean
Ecology
Combining pest treatments may be key to helping honey bees survive the winter
Agriculture
Mushroom stump waste could be inexpensive, healthy chicken feed supplement
Ecology
New vegetation mapping tools aids flexible rangeland management

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Earth Sciences
Satellite data reveal electromagnetic anomalies up to 19 days before 2023 Turkey earthquake
Earth Sciences
Study confirms the rotation of Earth's inner core has slowed
Optics & Photonics
Researchers leverage inkjet printing to make a portable multispectral 3D camera
Bio & Medicine
Nanowires create elite warriors to enhance T cell therapy
Planetary Sciences
Coming in hot: NASA's Chandra checks habitability of exoplanets
Optics & Photonics
Scientists adapt astronomy method to unblur microscopy images
Plants & Animals
Pacific coast gray whales have gotten 13% shorter in the past 20–30 years, study finds
Condensed Matter
New theory links quantum geometry to electron-phonon coupling
Optics & Photonics
New theory describes how waves carry information from surroundings
Earth Sciences
Satellite 'megaconstellations' may jeopardize recovery of ozone hole
Plants & Animals
Research finds dolphins with elevated mercury levels in Florida and Georgia
Analytical Chemistry
Team develops predictive tool for designing complex metal alloys that can withstand extreme environments
Astronomy
Astronomers discover parallel disks and jets erupting from a pair of young stars
Quantum Physics
A route to scalable Majorana qubits
Earth Sciences
Earth's 'Great Oxidation Event' was spread over 200 million years, according to recent geochemical discoveries
Archaeology
Ancient Maya genomes reveal the practice of male twin ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá
Analytical Chemistry
A 'liquid battery' advance—strategies for electrocatalytic hydrogenation
Veterinary medicine
Dogs housed with a companion are less stressed and adopted faster than dogs housed alone, research finds
Materials Science
Engineer explains the science behind metamaterials and MRI enhancement
Archaeology
Analysis indicates Greek island was home to Bronze Age purple dye workshop