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Improving the cacao genome and phytozome

According to the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO), global cocoa bean production in 2017-2018 was 4.6 million metric tons. The global chocolate brands couldn't exist without cocoa. But today the plant is under threat ...

How cellular fibers form and maintain dynamic states

Cells assemble dynamically: Their components are continuously exchanging and being replaced. This enables the structures to adapt easily to different situations, and by rearranging the components to respond to stimuli faster, ...

Sophisticated molecular machines in action

Almost all living organisms from bacteria to humans have gate-like protein complexes in their cell membranes that get rid of unwanted or life-threatening molecules. This is not always advantageous, since in the case of bacteria ...

Fishing for genes

Just as steelhead trout migrate from saltwater to freshwater and back, MBARI's Environmental Sample Processors (ESPs)—first developed for research in the ocean—have been getting a lot of use in freshwater over the last ...

Novel mechanism of inheritance detected

Non-Mendelian, oligogenic inheritance could be an unrecognized and important element for occurrence of hereditary retinal degenerations (HRDs, comprising retinitis pigmentosa) which are caused by ultra-rare mutations and ...

Do plant cells hold the roadmap for surviving climate change?

Do plant scientists hold the key to saving vulnerable populations in a changing climate? How should plant researchers prepare to deploy their knowledge to maintain food security in the future—as well as to promote renewable ...

The ABC of ribosome recycling

Ribosomes, the essential machinery used for protein synthesis is recycled after each one round of translation. An enzyme called ABCE1 is responsible for this process and turns out to be remarkably plastic as LMU biophysicists ...

New insight into microRNA function can give gene therapy a boost

Scientists at the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Oxford have shown that small RNA molecules occurring naturally in cells, i.e. microRNAs, are also abundant in cell nuclei. Previously, microRNAs were mainly ...

New function for the nucleolus

The nucleolus is a well-known structure in the cell nucleus that is easily visible under a light microscope. This nuclear structure is known to be the site of ribosome production. A new study shows that the nucleolus is also ...

Researchers find a method to select for haploid mammalian cells

Since the emergence of molecular genetics more than 50 years ago, scientists have tried to isolate haploid mammalian cells, that is, cells with half the number of chromosomes contained in somatic cells. Haploid cells are ...

Better genome editing for bioenergy

CRISPR-Cas9 is a powerful, high-throughput gene-editing tool that can help scientists engineer organisms for bioenergy applications. Cas9 needs guide RNA to lead it to the correct sequence to snip—but not all guides are ...

Blood samples from the zoo help predict diseases in humans

The zoos of Saarbrücken and Neunkirchen are home to penguins, Asian elephants and many other species. Since they come from different continents, blood samples are regularly taken from the animals to check their health. These ...

Does rearranging chromosomes affect their function?

Molecular biologists have long thought that domains in the genome's 3-D organization control how genes are expressed. After studying highly rearranged chromosomes in fruit flies, EMBL researchers now reveal that while this ...

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Research team finds new adaptive trick used by Staphylococcus bacteria
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New gene linked to healthy aging in worms
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Mathematical model explores daily rhythms in pain sensitivity
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Research team brings computation and experimentation closer together
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Unraveling the three-dimensional genomic structure of male germ cells
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Linking phenotypes to genotypes: A newly devised gene-editing strategy
Evolution
Body plan evolution not as simple as once believed
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Scientists decode DNA secrets of world's toughest bean
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New computational tool lets researchers identify cells based on their chromosome shape
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Researchers probe cell division defects to gain insight into cancer
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Imaging the chemical structure of individual molecules, atom by atom
Biochemistry
New deactivation mechanism for switch proteins detected
Optics & Photonics
Seeing smaller through cells: A natural single-cell biomagnifier for subwavelength imaging
Bio & Medicine
Cuttlefish ink found promising for cancer treatment
Astronomy
New hard X-ray eclipsing polar identified
Plants & Animals
Animals' body sizes shrinking from climate change, study finds
Space Exploration
50 years ago, humanity's first steps on another world
Astronomy
Image: Hubble spots a stunning spiral
Materials Science
An air-stable and waterproof lithium metal anode
Quantum Physics
Quantum interference in the service of information technology
Plants & Animals
Theory that ridged skin helps dolphins debunked
Astronomy
New measurements imply dramatically higher abundance of helium hydride ions in the early universe
Quantum Physics
Study unveils a new supersolid phase in dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates
Nanomaterials
Making catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings
Materials Science
Successful application of machine learning in the discovery of new polymers
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Bridging the nanoscale gap: A deep look inside atomic switches
Materials Science
X-ray mapping enhances potential of lightweight magnesium
Polymers
Adding a polymer stabilizes collapsing metal-organic frameworks
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Helping robots to build new antibiotics
Space Exploration
Astronauts less likely to faint on Earth if they exercise in space