Disjunct distribution across the equator—a new riffle beetle from Kyushu, Japan

Disjunct distribution across the equator—a new riffle beetle from Kyushu, Japan
Adult of Podonychus gyobu sp. nov.: Living individual in laboratory. Credit: Jun Nakajima/Pensoft publishing

Podonychus gyobu sp. nov., a second species of the genus Podonychus Jäch & Kodada, 1997, hitherto known only to inhabit Indonesia, is reported to have been found in Kyushu, Japan. The endophallic structures and the larva of P. gyobu sp. nov. are described.

The family Elmidae (riffle beetles) is well studied and the existence of 17 genera with 57 have been reported in Japan so far.

The genus Podonychus Jäch & Kodada, 1997 (Elminae, Macronychini) was hitherto known only to inhabit Siberut Island, Indonesia, and had been regarded as monotypic. This genus is unique in having 6-segmented antennae, which is the smallest number of antennomeres within the family Elmidae. Unexpectedly in 2018, some specimens of this genus were collected by the NPO Kitakyushu Gyobu in Kyushu, Japan. After repeated and closer examination, it was clear that the specimens represent a , closely related to the species P. sagittarius Jäch & Kodada, 1997. In the present paper, this new species, including the endophallic structures and the larva, is described as Podonychus gyobu sp. nov.. The name "gyobu" is in honor of NPO Kitakyushu Gyobu.

The genus Podonychus is currently known to inhabit only Indonesia and Kyushu, Japan, representing a disjunct distribution across the equator. The reason for this disjunctive distribution is unknown at the present time, but it is expected that additional species of this genus will be discovered in east and southeast Asia.

  • Disjunct distribution across the equator—a new riffle beetle from Kyushu, Japan
    Adult of Podonychus gyobu sp. nov.: Holotype specimen. Credit: Pensoft publishing
  • Disjunct distribution across the equator—a new riffle beetle from Kyushu, Japan
    Larva of Podonychus gyobu sp. nov. Credit: SEM/ Masakazu Hayashi

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More information: Hiroyuki Yoshitomi et al. Unexpected discovery of a new Podonychus species in Kyushu, Japan (Coleoptera, Elmidae, Elminae, Macronychini), ZooKeys (2020). DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.933.48771
Journal information: ZooKeys

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Citation: Disjunct distribution across the equator—a new riffle beetle from Kyushu, Japan (2020, June 9) retrieved 11 August 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2020-06-disjunct-equatora-riffle-beetle-kyushu.html
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