NASA gives MIT a humanoid robot to develop software for future space missions (w/ Video)

NASA gives MIT a humanoid robot to develop software for future space missions
NASA's "Valkyrie" robot is 6 feet tall and weighs 290 pounds. Researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory will test and develop the bot for future space missions. Credit: NASA

NASA announced today that MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) is one of two university research groups nationwide that will receive a 6-foot, 290-pound humanoid robot to test and develop for future space missions to Mars and beyond.

A group led by CSAIL principal investigator Russ Tedrake will develop algorithms for the robot, known as "Valkyrie" or "R5," as part of NASA's upcoming Space Robotics Challenge, which aims to create more dexterous autonomous robots that can help or even take the place of humans "extreme space" missions. (NASA's challenge is divided into a virtual competition using robotic simulations, and a physical competition using the robot.)

Tedrake's team, which was selected from groups that were entered in this year's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Robotics Challenge, will receive as much as $250,000 a year for two years from NASA's Space Technology Mission Directive.

Exploring deep space by bot

NASA says it is interested in humanoid robots because they can help or even replace astronauts working in extreme space environments. Robots like R5 could be used in future missions either as precursor robots performing mission tasks before humans arrive or as human-assistive robots collaborating with the human crew. While R5 was initially designed to complete disaster-relief maneuvers, its main goal is now to prove itself worthy of even trickier terrain: deep-space exploration.

"Advances in robotics, including human-robotic collaboration, are critical to developing the capabilities required for our journey to Mars," said Steve Jurczyk, associate administrator for the Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) at NASA Headquarters in Washington, in a NASA press release. "We are excited to engage these university research groups to help NASA with this next big step in robotics technology development."

Autonomy for autos, robots and more

As head of CSAIL's Robot Locomotion Group, Tedrake has extensive experience with autonomous robots. Over the past three years he led a team of more than 20 researchers to develop algorithms for a government competition to get another 6-foot-tall humanoid named Atlas to open doors, turn valves, drill holes, climb stairs, scramble over cinder blocks, and drive a car—all in the of one hour.

Tedrake is also part of CSAIL's new $25 million Toyota-funded research center for autonomous cars, specifically focused on advanced decision-making algorithms and systems that allow vehicles to perceive and navigate their surroundings safely, without human input. The larger collaboration will be coordinated by Gill Pratt PhD '89, a former MIT professor who most recently served as program director at DARPA's Defense Sciences Office.

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This story is republished courtesy of MIT News (, a popular site that covers news about MIT research, innovation and teaching.

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User comments

Nov 18, 2015
Look good, but missing a little whoop whoop factor expressed in this song..

Nov 20, 2015
Still missing terminators real time bipedal dynamic stability algorithm. In fact looking at DARPA's rescue robotics challenge you could see no real time upper body stability compensation for varying gaits to most if not all of the bipedal chassis entered into the competition. One slight traction slip on loose soil and down they went like rigid over sized multi-million dollar lego-technic cranes.

Would be probable to look towards holistic-kinesthetic body stability algorithms in future prototypes, something more flexible to environmental change as we naturally are, like twisting or tilting our lower/upper back, moving shoulders and arms for example(s) to engage in better bipedal dynamic stability.

Nov 20, 2015
A Compilation of Robots Falling Down at the DARPA Robotics Challenge,

had to include :)

Nov 20, 2015
NASA has been working on this thing for over 5 years now and they finally admin that they aren't skilled enough to get it working the way they want. Now it is time for the real experts to do the job. Good Luck MIT!

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