Related topics: ocean · carbon dioxide

Surfer science supports seawater study

Seawater samples taken from a surfboard have helped scientists understand microscopic life in the waves, new research shows.

Predatory phytoplankton key to understanding ocean ecosystem

A team of researchers has spent years taming mysterious marine microbes from the open ocean to grow in a lab, to investigate their feeding habits. The group's latest discoveries, led by University of Hawai'i at Mānoa oceanography ...

The climate system relies on microscopic particles

The Earth's climate is an extremely complex system that is driven by the subtle balance of many different processes—a key one of which is the air-sea exchange of CO2. Monitoring the ocean's uptake of CO2 is key to our understanding ...

Meltwater influences ecosystems in the Arctic Ocean

In the summer months, sea ice from the Arctic drifts through Fram Strait into the Atlantic. Thanks to meltwater, a stable layer forms around the drifting ice atop the salty seawater, producing significant effects on biological ...

page 1 from 22


Phytoplankton are the autotrophic component of the plankton community. The name comes from the Greek words phyton, or "plant", and πλαγκτος ("planktos"), meaning "wanderer" or "drifter". Most phytoplankton are too small to be individually seen with the unaided eye. However, when present in high enough numbers, they may appear as a green discoloration of the water due to the presence of chlorophyll within their cells (although the actual color may vary with the species of phytoplankton present due to varying levels of chlorophyll or the presence of accessory pigments such as phycobiliproteins, xanthophylls, etc.).

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA