Spintronics: Improving electronics with finer spin control

Spintronics: Improving electronics with finer spin control
With the PMN-PZT/Ta(4 nm)/Pt(3 nm)/IrMn(15 nm)/CoFeB(5 nm)/Ta(4 nm) structure, (a) the exchange bias can be set reversibly along two opposite directions afterapplying ac E with opposite directions of Hext of 5000 Oe, (b) Successive and stable HE reversal has been demonstrated. (c) Illustration for realignment of AFM spin axes invarious direction by the field-vibration procedure. (d) HE-φ curve, and (e) HE-φ polar graph before and after resetting unidirectional exchange anisotropy in various directionusing the field-vibration procedure. Credit: Acta Materialia

Spintronics is an emerging technology for manufacturing electronic devices that take advantage of electron spin and its associated magnetic properties, instead of using the electrical charge of an electron, to carry information. Antiferromagnetic materials are attracting attention in spintronics, with the expectation of spin operations with higher stability. Unlike ferromagnetic materials, in which atoms align along the same direction like in the typical refrigerator magnets, magnetic atoms inside antiferromagnets have antiparallel spin alignments that cancel out the net magnetization.

Scientists have worked on controlling the alignment of magnetic atoms within antiferromagnetic materials to create magnetic switches. Conventionally, this has been done using a 'field-cooling' procedure, which heats and then cools a magnetic system containing an antiferromagnet, while applying an . However, this process is inefficient for use in many micro- or nano- structured spintronics devices because the spatial resolution of the process itself is not high enough to be applied in a micro- or nano-scale devices.

"We discovered that we can control the antiferromagnetic state by simultaneously applying mechanical vibration and a magnetic field," says Jung-Il Hong of DGIST's Spin Nanotech Laboratory. "The process can replace the conventional heating and cooling approach, which is both inconvenient and harmful to the magnetic material. We hope our new procedure will facilitate the integration of into spintronics-based micro- and nano-devices."

Hong and his colleagues combined two layers: a cobalt-iron-boron ferromagnetic film on top of an iridium manganese antiferromagnetic film. The layers were grown on piezoelectric ceramic substrates. Combined application of mechanical vibration and a magnetic field allowed the scientists to control the alignments of magnetic spins repeatedly along any direction desired.

The team aims to continue the search and development of new magnetic phases beyond conventionally classified magnetic materials. "Historically, new material discovery has led to the development of new technologies," says Hong. "We want our research work to be a seed for new technologies."


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More information: Hyun-Joong Kim et al, Free tuning of exchange bias via resettable alignment of antiferromagnetic Néel axes using mechanical vibrations, Acta Materialia (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2021.116821
Provided by DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)
Citation: Spintronics: Improving electronics with finer spin control (2021, May 18) retrieved 27 July 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-05-spintronics-electronics-finer.html
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