Icebergs break away from Antarctic iceshelf

Satellite imagery shows fragile Wilkins Ice Shelf destabilised
The figure displays the Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) image from 27 April 2009 superimposed on an image from 24 April 2009. The margins of the collapsed ice bridge that formerly connected Charcot and Latady Islands are outlined in white. The demise of the ice bridge led to a destabilisation of the northern ice front of the Wilkins Ice Shelf, where the first icebergs calved off on 20 April 2009 (area denoted in red). Credit: ESA (Annotations by A. Humbert, Münster University)

(PhysOrg.com) -- Satellite images show that icebergs have begun to calve from the northern front of the Wilkins Ice Shelf - indicating that the huge shelf has become unstable. This follows the collapse three weeks ago of the ice bridge that had previously linked the Antarctic mainland to Charcot Island.

The ice bridge, which effectively formed a barrier pinning back the northern ice front of the central Wilkins Ice Shelf, collapsed on 5 April removing about 330 sq km of ice. As a consequence of the collapse, the rifts, which had already featured along the northern ice front, widened and new cracks formed as the ice adjusted in the days that followed.

Dr Angelika Humbert from the Institute of Geophysics, Münster University and Dr Matthias Braun from the Center for Remote Sensing, University of Bonn have been monitoring the ice shelf using a combination of radar images from ESA's Envisat satellite and the German Aerospace Centre's TerraSAR-X satellite.

On 24 April, the satellite data showed that the first icebergs had started to break away from the fragile ice shelf. A very rough estimate suggests that, so far, about 700 sq km of ice has been lost from the Wilkins Ice Shelf.

In contrast to the ice bridge, which shattered very quickly, it is expected that the discharge of ice will continue for some weeks. The icebergs are calving as a result of fracture zones that have formed over the last 15 years and which turned Wilkins into a fragile and vulnerable ice shelf.

Map showing the Wilkins Ice Shelf in Antarctica
Map showing the Wilkins Ice Shelf in Antarctica. Credits: ESA

"The retreat of Wilkins Ice Shelf is the latest and the largest of its kind. Eight separate ice shelves along the Antarctic Peninsula have shown signs of retreat over the last few decades. There is little doubt that these changes are the result of atmospheric warming on the Antarctic Peninsula, which has been the most rapid in the Southern Hemisphere," explained David Vaughan from the British Antarctic Survey.

"The changes to Wilkins Ice Shelf provide a fabulous natural laboratory that will allow us to understand how ice shelves respond to climate change and what the future will hold for the rest of Antarctica," Vaughan commented. "The quality and frequency of images acquired by ESA satellites mean that the break-up of Wilkins Ice Shelf can be analysed far more effectively than any previous event. For the first time, I think, we can really begin to see the processes that have brought about the demise of the ice shelf."

However, it is still unclear how the situation will evolve. Humbert noted that, "We are not sure if a new stable ice front will now form between Latady Island, Petrie Ice Rises and Dorsey Island. If the connection to Latady Island is lost, the projected loss of 3370 sq km of ice might be greater - though we have no indication that this will happen in the near future."

The combination of high resolution TerraSAR-X images and the more frequently acquired Envisat images, increases the understanding of ice shelf break-up more than ever before.

ESA's Webcam from Space is available to the public and features the latest Envisat images, documenting the break-up of Antarctica's Wilkins Ice Shelf.

Source: European Space Agency


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'Webcam' from Space: Envisat observing Wilkins Ice Shelf

Citation: Icebergs break away from Antarctic iceshelf (2009, April 28) retrieved 20 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-04-icebergs-antarctic-iceshelf.html
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Apr 28, 2009
"Ice shelves in general have episodic carvings and there can be large icebergs breaking off -- I'm talking 100km or 200km long -- every 10 or 20 or 50 years".Dr.Ian Allison,Australian Antarctic Division.

East Antarctica is four times the size of west Antarctica and parts of it are cooling. The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research report prepared for last week's meeting of Antarctic Treaty nations in Washington noted the South Pole had shown "significant cooling in recent decades".

Apr 28, 2009
Yep Antartic is getting colder and the Arctic is getting warmer. I read elsewhere that the Antarctic ozone hole negated the global warming. However since the ozone hole has been repaired the cooling period is likely to end.

I also find it interesting that the Winter ice has increase in the Arctic. Whereas the Summer ice has decreased.

One under reported issue is that as permafrost melts for the first time it releases potentially vast amounts of green house gases. To me this is a great example of how chaotic the global warming issue is.

Apr 29, 2009
These ice shelves are not melting, they are breaking up. Probably through wind, currents and tidal forces. Also this "latest" break up has been the latest news for years.

http://www.appins...helf.htm

Reports of the break up go back to at least 1999, just forgotten until regurgitated the next year.

http://wattsupwit...ore-7352

Apr 30, 2009
These ice shelves are not melting, they are breaking up. Probably through wind, currents and tidal forces. Also this "latest" break up has been the latest news for years.


Thats very true,anyone remember the Titanic ?

May 01, 2009
Yep Antartic is getting colder and the Arctic is getting warmer. I read elsewhere that the Antarctic ozone hole negated the global warming. However since the ozone hole has been repaired the cooling period is likely to end.

Who told you that the ozone hole has been repaired? Right now its expanding.


I also find it interesting that the Winter ice has increase in the Arctic. Whereas the Summer ice has decreased.

One under reported issue is that as permafrost melts for the first time it releases potentially vast amounts of green house gases. To me this is a great example of how chaotic the global warming issue is.

It gets better, the ice in the Arctic is thinker than expected. http://wattsupwit...sdicken/

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