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Lung-targeting lipid nanoparticles with CRISPR components successfully treat cystic fibrosis mouse models

Lung-targeting lipid nanoparticles with CRISPR components successfully treat cystic fibrosis mouse models
Quantitative TissueCyte analysis of mTmG mice lung following LNP-Cre treatment. (A) Schematic representation of LNP-Cre mediated eGFP fluorescence protein expression replacing the red fluorescence in lung cells after systemic administrations. (B) Quantitative analysis of GFP positive (GFP+) area % in LNP-Cre treated mTmG mouse lung left lobe by TissueCyte 3D imaging and analysis. Credit: Science (2024). DOI: 10.1126/science.adk9428

A team of medical researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and ReCode Therapeutics has developed a way to send gene-editing tools to the lungs to repair the faulty gene associated with cystic fibrosis.

In their study, published in the journal Science, the group overcame problems that have hampered previous therapies, and believe that their method will soon be used to treat .

Mattijs Bulcaen and Marianne Carlon with KU Leuven, in Belgium, have published a Perspective piece in the same journal issue outlining the work by the team on this new effort.

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that impacts the lungs and GI tract—a faulty gene results in a sticky mucous buildup in the lungs and throughout the digestive system. Many therapies have been developed to treat symptoms of the disease, but there is still no cure.

In the recent past, researchers have attempted to send gene-editing tools into the lungs to repair the , but thus far, such efforts have failed due to the difficulty in getting them past both the immune system and the mucus.

Other efforts have involved sending therapies to the lungs through the bloodstream. They also failed due to the liver filtering them out before they could reach the lungs.

In this new study, the researchers developed a therapy based on this latter approach, but have found a way to prevent it from getting stuck in the liver.

The research team tweaked the gene editing machinery to prevent the lipid nanoparticles from being trapped in the liver. They also tweaked them to target the basolateral side of the lung epithelial lining once they arrived through the bloodstream. This allowed the nanoparticles to find their way to several types of cells, including basal cells.

The researchers tested the approach in mice genetically engineered to have human-like . The therapy proved to be highly effective—the researchers found the gene editor had made its way to the desired targets and fixed the mutation in half of the mice being tested.

In monitoring the successfully treated mice, the research team found that it relieved symptoms for up to 22 months.

More information: Yehui Sun et al, In vivo editing of lung stem cells for durable gene correction in mice, Science (2024). DOI: 10.1126/science.adk9428

Mattijs Bulcaen et al, Gene editing flows to the lungs, Science (2024). DOI: 10.1126/science.adq0059

Journal information: Science

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Citation: Lung-targeting lipid nanoparticles with CRISPR components successfully treat cystic fibrosis mouse models (2024, June 18) retrieved 22 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-06-lung-lipid-nanoparticles-crispr-components.html
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