Scientists wrong to criticize alternative rice growing method

June 20, 2011 By Joris Tielens, Wageningen University

Bigger harvests using an alternative cultivation method without high-tech. A method developed by a priest in Madagascar. Scientists turn their backs on it, but the African method is reliable and sound.

In 1983, Father Henri de Laulanié developed a new rice cultivation method in the highlands of Madagascar. It can double , apparently, compared to normal wet rice cultivation, without the use of pesticides and requiring less seeds.

The seedlings are transplanted earlier, planted further apart, and not permanently placed under water. This apparently allows the plant roots to develop better, resulting in more and better ears per plant, and thus, a spectacularly bigger harvest in this alternative method of rice cultivation known as the 'System of Rice Intensification' (SRI). The method was later - with the support of donors such as Oxfam and the World Bank - introduced to millions of small farmers in fifty rice growing countries. 

The claims of having bigger harvests can't be true, say international rice scientists, among whom are those from the IRRI, the founders of the Green Revolution. These opponents of SRI disapprove of the lack of peer-reviewed studies and argue that the claim of having bigger harvests - if that is based on truth - is due to cultivating on more fertile soils or to more weeding being done on the land. These critics also think that mistakes have been made in measuring the output. The attention given to SRI is diverting attention from real chances of improvement, such as research into genetic modification, say the opposing parties.

Wageningen UR sociologists were commissioned by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to look into the SRI controversy. They reported their conclusion during a symposium last Wednesday: although SRI has often resulted in higher yields, it is often unclear if these are the result of the cultivation method or to employing more labor; the method is indeed more efficient in the use of seeds.

The Wageningen UR researchers accounted for the rise of SRI and the criticism from the world of rice science within a social context. They said that although many farmers have adopted SRI, these use just parts of it, depending on the local situations.

What's more, SRI was not formulated by just one priest, related Dominic Glover of the Wageningen University Technology and Agrarian Development Group, but came about from various sources in isolated Madagascar, including experiments by local farmers and instruction manuals, dating from before the Green Revolution, which De Laulanié had.

It is understandable, said Glover, that putting forth SRI as being the discovery of one priest in the countryside of has incurred the wrath of established scientists. Out of nothing, a non-scientific method promised to double harvests and was quickly spread around.

Explore further: India, Sri Lanka plan telecom cable link

Related Stories

Water-stingy agriculture reduces arsenic in rice markedly

July 28, 2008

A new farming method first developed to conserve precious irrigation water may have the added benefit of producing rice containing much less arsenic than rice grown using traditional rice-farming methods, researchers in the ...

Global trade in tiger shrimp threatens environment

February 14, 2008

The cultivation of shrimp and fish in tropical coastal areas is often described as an environmentally friendly way to alleviate poverty, but in fact this cultivation has negative consequences for both the local population ...

Recommended for you

Photosynthesis discovery could help next-gen biotechnologies

September 24, 2018

Researchers from The University of Queensland (UQ) and the University of M√ľnster (WWU) have purified and visualized the 'Cyclic Electron Flow' (CEF) supercomplex, a critical part of the photosynthetic machinery in all plants, ...

How fruits got their eye-catching colors

September 24, 2018

Red plums. Green melons. Purple figs. Ripe fruits come in an array of greens, yellows, oranges, browns, reds and purples. Scientists say they have new evidence that plants owe their rainbow of fruit colors to the different ...

Some female termites can reproduce without males

September 24, 2018

Populations of the termite species Glyptotermes nakajimai can form successful, reproducing colonies in absence of males, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Biology.

Common weed killer linked to bee deaths

September 24, 2018

The world's most widely used weed killer may also be indirectly killing bees. New research from The University of Texas at Austin shows that honey bees exposed to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup, lose some of ...

Birds' voiceboxes are odd ducks

September 24, 2018

Birds sing from the heart. While other four-limbed animals like mammals and reptiles make sounds with voiceboxes in their throats, birds' chirps originate in a unique vocal organ called the syrinx, located in their chests. ...

2 comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

ArkavianX
not rated yet Jun 20, 2011
Ahhh the aura of so called professionalism found a pothole...
DrGravitas
not rated yet Jun 20, 2011
This article is ridiculous. No citation for the source, other than it was provided by the very university which conducted this sociological study. The attempt to address the critic's (imho, completly reasonable) arguments of poorly applied methodology is scarcely mentioned, yet they declare them 'wrong to criticize' and lavish detail on the sociologist's pontifications. Thoughts which frame the critics as reactionary protectionists criticizing the perceived source of the disputed technique. No one, with valid justification, should ever be wrong to criticize in science, especially when regarding poor methodology.

These sociologist contribute very little to the discussion and serve only to fan flames they themselves contend have sparked this debate. Lacking any further addressment of the seed scientist's criticisms, perhaps left out of the article, I would ask for my money back where I the Gate's foundation.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.