Argonne National Laboratory is the first and the largest national labs chartered in 1946 in DuPage County, Illinois. The US Department of Energy funds Argonne National Lab and U Chicago Argonne, LLC manages the site. Argonne National Lab is the descendant of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory and the home of Enrico Fermi's first controlled nuclear chain reaction demonstration. Today the Argonne Laboratory consists of the Argonne Advanced Photon Source, The Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System and conducts basic scientific research, conducts experiments on clean energy sources, manages environmental problems nationally, and most importantly reviews and monitors national security risks.
Cobalt catalysts allow researchers to duplicate the complicated steps of photosynthesis
(Phys.org) —Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices, but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities ...
Characterizing strontium ruthenate crystals for electrochemical applications
(Phys.org) —Summer's heat and humidity bring us to the controls for the air conditioning unit long before we receive a government alert to monitor our use of electricity. While we may lower the thermostat setting or switch ...
Simulations aimed at safer transport of explosives
In 2005, a semi truck hauling 35,000 pounds of explosives through the Spanish Fork Canyon in Utah crashed and caught fire, causing a dramatic explosion that left a 30- by-70-foot crater in the highway.
Composite battery boost
(Phys.org) —New composite materials based on selenium (Se) sulfides that act as the positive electrode in a rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery could boost the range of electric vehicles by up to five times, according ...
Home Microbiome Project announces results of study on household microbes
A person's home is their castle, and they populate it with their own subjects: millions and millions of bacteria.
Researchers turn cement into metal
(Phys.org) —In a move that would make the Alchemists of King Arthur's time green with envy, scientists have unraveled the formula for turning liquid cement into liquid metal. This makes cement a semi-conductor and opens ...
X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side
Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike.
Existence of two-dimensional nanomaterial silicene questioned
Sometimes, scientific findings can shake the foundations of what was once held to be true, causing us to step back and re-examine our basic assumptions.
The future of batteries: Q&A with the director of the national laboratory battery hub
Everywhere you look, you see lithium-ion batteries. They're in your laptop, your cell phone, your power tools, maybe even your car. Lithium-ion battery research accounts for about 95% of all battery research and development, ...
Thin diamond films provide new material for micro-machines
(Phys.org) —Airbags, inkjet printers and video projectors may not seem to have much in common, but all three rely on the action of tiny, microscale devices in order to work properly.