Synthetic skin could aid wound healing

Synthetic skin could aid wound healing
Artificial skin produced using nanoscale technology. Credit: Antonios Keirouz

Engineers have devised a fabric dressing whose thickness and elasticity can be custom-matched to specific areas of the body.

The material is able to be absorbed by the skin's own tissue as it heals.

Two are blended to produce nanometre-sized fibres—thousands of times thinner than a hair—which can be fabricated in minutes.

Tiny fibres

Edinburgh researchers produced their custom fabric using a recently developed method, known as nozzle-free electrospinning.

Their comprises a rotating cylinder above a pool of solution containing the two components of the fabric.

As the cylinder spins under and temperature, tiny fibres are quickly produced from the liquid and spun onto an adjacent hot surface. As the fibres cool, the fabric is formed.

Wound dressings

The component mixture can be altered to produce dressings of varied thicknesses and elasticity.

It incorporates a recently discovered material, known as polyglycerol sebacate, which is stretchy and compatible with human tissue.

Tests with showed that the material's small-scale fibres provide a scaffold on which newly formed skin can grow.

Medical applications

Research will now focus on further developing and testing the material for medical use, which the team expects may take about four years.

The study was published in Medical Engineering & Physics.

"Our technique is a cost-effective way of making artificial skin adapted for all areas of body, to accelerate the wound healing process," says Dr. Norbert Radacsi.

"Dressings made from this new fabric would be absorbed by the body, reducing the need for frequent changes," says Antonios Keirouz.


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More information: Antonios Keirouz et al. Nozzle-free electrospinning of Polyvinylpyrrolidone/Poly(glycerol sebacate) fibrous scaffolds for skin tissue engineering applications, Medical Engineering & Physics (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.06.009
Citation: Synthetic skin could aid wound healing (2019, July 1) retrieved 18 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-synthetic-skin-aid-wound.html
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