The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a public research university located in Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university is deeply embedded in the fabric of the city, with many of the buildings in the historic Old Town belonging to the university. Edinburgh receives approximately 47,000 applications every year, making it the third most popular university in the UK by volume of applicants. Entrance is intensely competitive, with 12 applications per place in the last admissions cycle. It was the fourth university to be established in Scotland and the 6th in the United Kingdom, and is regarded as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. The university is ranked the top rated in Scotland and the 6th and 7th in Europe according to the 2011 QS and Times Higher Education Ranking Globally, the 2011 QS rankings placed the university 20th in the world. It is the only Scottish university to be a member of both the elite Russell Group, and the League of European Research Universities, a consortium of 21 of Europe's most prominent and renowned research universities.
Global climate change targets are unlikely to be met because of delays in changes to land use, Edinburgh researchers say.
Scientists have shed light on a biological process that helps the production of healthy cells, which may aid understanding of neurological diseases and other conditions.
Chickens that are genetically modified to produce human proteins in their eggs can offer a cost-effective method of producing certain types of drugs, research suggests.
Carbon dioxide emissions can be captured and securely stored in underground rocks, even if geological faults are present, research has confirmed.
Advanced technologies that read long strings of DNA can produce flawed data that could affect genetic studies, research suggests.
Analysis of the skulls of lions, wolves and hyenas has helped scientists uncover how prehistoric dogs hunted 40 million years ago.
Key insights into how the parasites behind sleeping sickness boost their ability to spread could aid efforts to beat the disease.
Some of the world's oldest cave paintings have revealed how ancient people had relatively advanced knowledge of astronomy.
Efforts to protect the UK's native honey bees could be helped by research that maps their entire genetic make-up.
Antarctica's mountainous landscape was shaped by rivers rather than carved by glaciers as previously thought, a study has revealed.