Tailored approach key to cookstove uptake

Apr 17, 2014 by Rebecca Graham
Fuel efficiency: an improved cookstove (left) uses much less wood due to its clay mud insulation. Fuel efficiency: an improved cookstove (left) uses much less wood due to its clay mud insulation. Credit: Helen Graham

Worldwide, programs aiming to give safe, efficient cooking stoves to people in developing countries haven't had complete success—and local research has looked into why.

The review by Tania Urmee and Samuel Gyamfi from Murdoch University's School of Engineering and Energy found people's uptake of cookstoves was largely dependant on social, economic and specific to each region.

Cookstove programs were introduced in the 1980s by major government and non-government organisations in an effort to address the social, health and environmental hazards associated with traditional cookstoves.

Dr Gyamfi says traditional cookstoves have numerous impacts, including health problems from combustion and the time spent collecting wood for fuel.

"[As well as] time spent on cooking due to poor efficiency and effect on deforestation and ," he says.

In contrast, improved cookstove technologies given out through global cookstove programs have chimneys or smoke-hoods, as well as insulating material like mud or clay which conserves the heat and improves efficiency, thus reducing the cooking time, fuel use and cost and greenhouse emissions.

The researchers assessed the success of various programs that have been running across Africa, Asia, and Central America and the Caribbean.

These included Zimbabwe's Tso Tso Stove Program, the Chinese National Improved Stove Program, the Indian National Biomass Cookstove Initiative, programs in Indonesia, Nepal and Bangladesh, the "Recho Mirak" improved charcoal stove in Haiti, and the Social Investment Fund in Guatemala.

Overall, they found the success of the programs to be quite varied—some achieved their goals while many failed.

Numerous socio-cultural factors, in addition to environmental and economic influences, were vital to their success.

Dr Gyamfi says successful programs need to match the technicalities of working the stove with social expectations, be consistent with local cultural needs and in tune with users' attitudes; like those that are afraid to adopt new technologies.

"Also, programs that use a 'bottom-up' strategy, where users and local artisans are involved in the design, testing and distribution process to establish a self-sustaining industry," he says.

"The programs were found to be successful in places where biomass fuel is expensive or difficult to find.

"Stove cost is mentioned in a few studies as being important for program success as well."

Dr Gyamfi and Dr Urmee emphasise programs that distribute stoves with a proven efficiency, take into account local cultural cooking practices and socio-economic backgrounds and ensure local community participation will be successful.

Explore further: Many tongues, one voice, one common ambition

More information: Tania Urmee, Samuel Gyamfi, "A review of improved Cookstove technologies and programs," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 33, May 2014, Pages 625-635, ISSN 1364-0321, dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.02.019.

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Berkeley Lab tests cookstoves for Haiti

Sep 28, 2011

The developers of the fuel-efficient Berkeley-Darfur Stove for refugee camps in central Africa are at it once again, this time evaluating inexpensive metal cookstoves for the displaced survivors of last year's deadly earthquake ...

Clean cookstoves unaffordable to Bangladeshi women

Jun 29, 2012

Women in rural Bangladesh prefer inexpensive, traditional stoves for cooking over modern ones despite significant health risks, according to a Yale study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Recommended for you

Many tongues, one voice, one common ambition

10 hours ago

There is much need to develop energy efficient solutions for residential buildings in Europe. The EU-funded project, MeeFS, due to be completed by the end of 2015, is developing an innovative multifunctional and energy efficient ...

Panasonic, Tesla to build big US battery plant

11 hours ago

(AP)—American electric car maker Tesla Motors Inc. is teaming up with Japanese electronics company Panasonic Corp. to build a battery manufacturing plant in the U.S. expected to create 6,500 jobs.

Simulation models optimize water power

12 hours ago

The Columbia River basin in the Pacific Northwest offers great potential for water power; hydroelectric power stations there generate over 20 000 megawatts already. Now a simulation model will help optimize the operation ...

Charging electric cars efficiently inductive

12 hours ago

We already charge our toothbrushes and cellphones using contactless technology. Researchers have developed a particularly efficient and cost-effective method that means electric cars could soon follow suit.

User comments : 0