Simulating nuclear safety

October 17, 2018 by David Bradley, Inderscience
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Commercial operation of the CHASNUPP-1 996 megawatt intermediate type pressurised water reactor began in May 2000 in Pakistan. It is a conventional two-loop PWR and is run by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. Now, scientists Khurram Mehboob and Mohammad Aljohani of the Department of Nuclear Engineering at King Abdul Aziz University in Saudi Arabia have carried out simulations of the activity of the unit using MATLAB to probe the risks associated with a putative coolant leak that might see radioactivity entering the environment. The team reports details of their study in the International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology.

The researchers point out that as energy demands growing around the world, there is a pressing need to meet this demand and nuclear power or sustainable sources can provide the alternatives that avoid the burning of fossil fuels. However, there are perennial concerns with the operation of and the associated risks of radiation leaks that might be caused by human error, systems failure, accident, or even criminal activity.

Mehboob and Aljohani have used a kinetic model in MATLAB to simulate the anticipated amount of radioactivity that might be released from the CHASNUPP-1 plant in the form of contaminated coolant following an accident leading to core damage. The model suggests that leakage would be similar to another reactor, the South Korean KORI-1 reactor, and that the containment would be sufficient to preclude anything but negligible leakage into the outside world. Given the potential global impact of a leak from a anywhere in the world, it is important to model worst-case scenarios and to understand the implications for the local and wider environment.

Explore further: UAE further delays launch of first nuclear reactor

More information: Mohammad S. Aljohani et al. Estimation of radioactivity released from CHASNUPP-1 nuclear power plant during loss of coolant accident, International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology (2018). DOI: 10.1504/IJNEST.2018.10015404

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WillieWard
3 / 5 (2) Oct 18, 2018
"...radioactivity entering the environment..."
The environment is naturally radioactive since the Earth's formation billions of years ago.
https://pbs.twimg...L73f.jpg
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Human bodies emit in a natural way as much radiation(gamma ray from potassium-40) as a carbon-free nuclear power plant.
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"A coal power station puts 100 times more radiation into the air than a nuclear power plant producing the same amount of energy."
http://i.pinimg.com/originals/85/1b/ca/851bca1089b9d74645db32973544549f.jpg
Living next to a nuclear plant gives you 100 times less radiation than eating a bag of potato.
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Carbon-free nuclear is the safest per unit of energy produced.

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