World's first floating nuclear barge to power Russia's Arctic oil drive

May 19, 2018 by Andrea Palasciano
Russia unveils the first ever floating nuclear power plant in Murmansk

To meet its growing electricity needs in its drive to develop oil resources in remote Arctic regions, Russia has built a floating nuclear power station, a project that detractors deride as a "Chernobyl on ice".

Built in Saint Petersburg, the Akademik Lomonosov is currently moored in Murmansk where it is being loaded with nuclear fuel before heading to eastern Siberia.

On Saturday, head of state nuclear power firm Rosatom unveiled the brown-and-mustard-painted facility in the city's estuary as an orchestra played the national anthem.

Rosatom chief Alexei Likhachev hailed the new power station as "a new world first," which he said "underlines the undoubted leading role of Rosatom and the Russian nuclear energy sector on the global agenda."

"I hope today will be a symbolic day for the Arctic," Likhachev said, adding that Rosatom "is setting a trend, a demand for medium-capacity nuclear facilities, mobile facilities, for many decades ahead."

The 144-by-30-metre (472-by-98-foot) barge holds two reactors with two 35 megawatt nuclear reactors that are similar to those used to power icebreaker ships.

The Akademik Lomonosov will be towed in the summer of 2019 to the port of Pevek in the autonomous Chukotka region in Russia's extreme northeast.

The barge can produce enough electricity to power a town of 200,000 residents, far more than the 5,000 live in Russia's northernmost town.

But Akademik Lomonosov isn't in Pevek to just keep the lights on in homes.

As Russia is forced to push further north into the Arctic in the search for oil and gas, it needs electricity in far-flung locations.

"The idea is to have low-capacity, mobile power plants that can be used in the Russian Arctic where large amounts of electricity aren't needed" and the construction of a conventional power station would be complicated and costly, said Sergei Kondratyev at the Institute for Energy and Finance in Moscow.

"The alternatives are coal, gas and diesel. But diesel is very costly," he said, while the gas needs to be delivered as liquefied natural gas or LNG.

Vitaly Trutnev, who is in charge of the construction and operation of floating nuclear power stations at Rosatom, said such units would "supply electricity and heat to the most remote regions, supporting also growth and sustainable development."

He said use of such floating reactors can save 50,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per year.

Rosatom insists that the Akademik Lomonosov should be 'one of the safest nuclear installations in the world'

The Akademik Lomonosov is set to replace an ageing nuclear reactor and a coal-fired power plant which are both located in Chukotka.

'Nuclear Titanic'

Trutnev said the barge has "the latest security systems and should be one of the safest nuclear installations in the world."

Activists at the environmental group Greenpeace are not convinced and call for international monitoring.

They fear that the Akademik Lomonosov could become a "nuclear Titanic" or a "Chernobyl on ice" 32 years after the Soviet nuclear disaster.

Greenpeace Russia's Rashid Alimov said that accidents are possible at all nuclear power plants, but that the barge "will be especially sensitive to storms, environmental phenomena and threats such as terrorism."

He said a shift to more numerous small reactors would pose risks for proliferation of nuclear material.

Greenpeace nuclear expert Jan Haverkamp noted that the Akademik Lomonosov is being fuelled near Murmansk, a city of 300,000, before being towed across the Arctic.

"Its installation in the tough environment of the Russian Arctic will pose a constant threat for residents of the north and the Arctic's pristine nature," said Haverkamp.

The barge had initially been scheduled to be fuelled in Saint Petersburg, but that work was moved to Murmansk instead due to concern in countries along the Baltic Sea.

Kondratyev at the Institute for Energy and Finance in Moscow downplayed safety concerns about the barge, insisting it met the same safety rules as nuclear icebreakers and submarines.

"But it is a new piece of equipment. There may be concerns among the general populace, but there are additional risks compared to nuclear power plants," he said.

Rosatom chief Likhachev said Saturday that the corporation hopes to build more such barges and to find Asian clients in need of power in remote regions, giving the examples of Indonesia and Philippines.

"In certain cases a floating nuclear power plant is more cost-effective than other electric power plants ... it has its own niche," Kondratyev said.

He said China is also building a floating nuclear power plant.

Explore further: Russia floats out powerful nuclear icebreaker

Related Stories

Russia floats out powerful nuclear icebreaker

September 22, 2017

Russia on Friday held a launching ceremony for a powerful nuclear icebreaker, called Sibir (Siberia), in its drive to prepare a fleet for navigating the Northern Passage and hauling goods, particularly energy, to Asian markets.

Russians to deploy floating nuclear power plant

July 10, 2013

(Phys.org) —The general director of one of Russia's largest shipbuilders, Aleksandr Voznesensky, has announced to reporters that a floating nuclear power plant is currently under construction at one of Russia's ship yards. ...

Sixth MOX nuclear shipment leaves France for Japan

July 5, 2017

A cargo of reprocessed nuclear fuel containing highly radioactive plutonium left the French port of Cherbourg for Japan under heavy security on Wednesday as demonstrators protested against the transport.

UAE says its first nuclear reactor complete

March 26, 2018

The United Arab Emirates said Monday that one of four nuclear reactors at its debut plant has been completed as it moves closer to becoming the first Arab nation to produce atomic power.

Recommended for you

Printing microelectrode array sensors on gummi candy

June 22, 2018

Microelectrodes can be used for direct measurement of electrical signals in the brain or heart. These applications require soft materials, however. With existing methods, attaching electrodes to such materials poses significant ...

EU copyright law passes key hurdle

June 20, 2018

A highly disputed European copyright law that could force online platforms such as Google and Facebook to pay for links to news content passed a key hurdle in the European Parliament on Wednesday.

3 comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Parsec
2.3 / 5 (6) May 20, 2018
This thing certainly has its own niche... multi billion dollar floating catastrophes waiting to happen. The good news is of course that the more of these afloat the less time we will have to wait until the inevitable horrible disaster.

Oh wait... I guess that's the bad news.
WillieWard
3.4 / 5 (5) May 20, 2018
Meanwhile, Greenpeace activists are protesting against carbon-free nuclear energy aboard their DIESEL-burning ships and inflatable motorboats with sails just for decoration, claiming wind/solar is cheap and replaces fossil fuels. Cognitive Dissonance.
https://pbs.twimg...fb_L.jpg
https://pbs.twimg...Z2Rl.jpg
'@Greenpeace's diesel-powered "ship of fools" '
https://www.faceb...5300281/
Even including Chernobyl, the worst-case scenario, carbon-free nuclear power is the safest per unit of energy produced, fewer fatalities and less ecological impacts than renewables.
https://uploads.d...f0de.jpg
Greenpeace nuclear expert...
Greenpeace is a fearmongering organization, their actions have only served to favor the fossil fuels(backup for intermittent renewables) which air pollution respects no border and kills millions of people every year.
Eikka
5 / 5 (3) May 20, 2018
until the inevitable horrible disaster.


The irony is that small submarine-class nuclear reactors are inherently safer because their low power density allows them to be self-contained in the case of full meltdown. They can't generate enough heat to go chernobyl, and the heat they do generate is more easily dissapated due to the smaller volume-to-surface-area ratio of the device. It means lower power density through the heat exchangers, so emergency cooling becomes exponentially easier. More still, there's less radioactive material to spread around if the containment is breached, and the cleanup work is much cheaper in proportion.

That's the major argument to go for small modular reactors rather than huge multi-gigawatt behemoths we have today.

But never let the facts distract from a good horror story.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.