France enshrines decision to close oldest nuclear plant

The Fessenheim nuclear plant, whose scheduled closure was officially announced by France on Sunday, has been a long-running sour
The Fessenheim nuclear plant, whose scheduled closure was officially announced by France on Sunday, has been a long-running source of friction with Germany and a campaign target by green groups

The French government on Sunday published a decree for closing the country's oldest nuclear plant, fulfilling a campaign-trail pledge made by President Francois Hollande who is now in the final weeks of office.

The decree, gazetted in the Official Journal which publishes government decisions, sets down the conditions for closing a nuclear plant at Fessenheim, a plant in eastern France on the border with southwestern Germany.

Fessenheim will cease operations when a new reactor, currently being built at Flamanville on the Normandy coast, "enters service," the decree said.

France's operator EDF last month said the Flamanville reactor—a project that has run into deep problems—will begin operations in 2019.

The closure of the twin-reactor plant at Fessenheim is part of a plan to slash France's dependence on atomic energy.

Hollande, who leaves office next month, vowed during campaigning in the 2012 election to close the facility as part of a promise to reduce the share of nuclear in the energy mix from 75 percent to 50 percent and boost the share of renewables.

Fessenheim, in operation since 1977, is located on a seismic fault line about 100 kilometres (60 miles) south of the French city of Strasbourg and about 25 kms southwest of the German city of Freiburg.

Its closure has been a campaign target by French, German and Swiss environmentalists for years, as well as an enduring source of friction with Germany.

'Now it's done'

France's minister for ecology and energy, Segolene Royal, on Friday had said that the decree would be implemented to meet the 2012 campaign promise.

"The decree on #Fessenheim closure has been signed and published this morning," Royal tweeted on Sunday. "It was promised, now it's been done."

The conservative opposition has opposed the energy programme, arguing that France's nuclear industry is a guarantor of the country's energy independence and a source of cheap electricity.

The French trade unions have also weighed in on the question of Fessenheim, fearing the closure of the plant will lead to the loss of around 2,000 jobs, directly and indirectly,

The new European Pressurised Reactor (EPR) reactor, being built at Flamanville alongside two existing reactors, is a novel third-generation design touted as the world's biggest and advanced .

But the project, along with another EPR contract in Finland, has been plagued by delays and technical problems.

Construction of the reactor began in December 2007, with an operational start initially scheduled for the end of 2012. Costs have tripled to 10.5 billion euros ($11.1 billion).

On March 16, EDF announced that it had begun the test phase of the Flamanville EPR, and this would run until the end of 2018.

The will be hooked up to the national grid in the second quarter of 2019, it said.

Two EPR reactors are scheduled to be built at Hinkley Point in southwestern Britain under a Chinese-backed deal announced last year.


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Closure of France's oldest nuclear plant begins this year: minister

© 2017 AFP

Citation: France enshrines decision to close oldest nuclear plant (2017, April 9) retrieved 16 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-04-france-enshrines-decision-oldest-nuclear.html
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Apr 09, 2017

Admitting error is the first step in recovery.

Apr 09, 2017
What's interesting is those guys promised to make it closed for 2017. Now, it's for planned for 2018 and i wouldn't even be surprised if would run even longer.
Bunch of lying morons....

Apr 09, 2017
It be will be replaced by coal and/or natural gas to keep lights on when sun is not shinning or wind is not blowing.
Under influence of faux-greens, France, following the example of Germany, is stepping backward in the matter of Climate Change.

Apr 09, 2017
It be will be replaced by coal and/or natural gas to keep lights on when sun is not shinning or wind is not blowing.


Please post a reliable link explaining that France is replacing this nuke plant with coal. Or stop chanting a mindless mantra in public on a science site.

Apr 09, 2017
If "Renewables cannot replace nuclear in France" and is not replacing in Germany, California, Vermont, and nowhere, it is logical that "It be will be replaced by coal and/or natural gas".
http://www.reuter...CN0YA2G5
"US Nuclear Retirements Largely Replaced by Fossil Fuels"
https://www.green...il-fuels
"Nuclear plants don't produce any greenhouse gases, and when they are closed, are most often replaced by natural gas."

Apr 09, 2017
The six Fukushima reactors are no longer energy sources, they are now energy sinks, soaking it up, . . and will continue to do so for at least another 40 years.

Three of them are crackling with intense radiation capable of delivering a lethal dose in one minute.

Some technology, huh?

Apr 09, 2017
None of those links say that France is replacing this nuke plant with coal. You had your chance. Now stop chanting a mindless mantra in public on a science site.

WillieWard:
If "Renewables cannot replace nuclear in France" and is not replacing in Germany, California, Vermont, and nowhere, it is logical that "It be will be replaced by coal and/or natural gas".
http://www.reuter...CN0YA2G5
"Nuclear plants don't produce any greenhouse gases, and when they are closed, are most often replaced by natural gas."


Apr 09, 2017
Fukushima ... crackling with intense radiation capable of delivering a lethal dose in one minute.
No one has died from radiation at Fukushima.
Even so, the faux-greens is ever echoing their scare tales in order to shove down people's throat their sunshine&breeze mystical placebo that not even Greenpeace trusts to propel their ship and motorboats across the oceans.
"Instead of the '100% renewables' mantra, we should instead be chanting '0% carbon'."
https://conservat...-carbon/

Apr 10, 2017
@EmceeSquared - Mindless mantra is kind of what these two guys do. Best to leave them to it, neither has ever conceded a point or changed their view. Its like watching two ants stuck in a small jar...

Neither will read the article either, so referring to it doesn't help your case. Sorry, just the way it is.

Apr 10, 2017
@Estevan57: Unfortunately I think it's necessary to respond to their mindless mantra, at least for the benefit of other readers who don't know they're trolls. It's a huge waste of time, but trolls have so polluted public discussion that it's an obligation to help distinguish them from people interested in the actual discussion or facts, not just mindless flames.

Apr 10, 2017
Hey guys, I am not going to stop defending myself against the chronic malcontents who hide behind phony names to attack others.

Estevan got in it, too.

I came on here to share information and learn from others. As soon as I mentioned my experience, some of you thought you had spotted a phony, and went after me in ALL CAPS with filthy language.

The same happened with all of my posts. Unfortunately for them, I am real, and really did work on rocket planes at Edwards AFB, really did those studies for NASA, really did write and deliver the EPRI courses on Power Quality.

Do I have to go on? Want to see the proof? Send me a temporary email address.

Meanwhile, let's stop with the personal attacks. Let's see who among us can do it.

Apr 10, 2017
I came on here to share information and learn from others
You came here to pretend to be what youre not, to make up facts and lies, and to see how many goobers you could fool. Because youre a psychopath and this is how you entertain yourself.
Meanwhile, let's stop with the personal attacks
The people here will never stop attacking liars and cheats like georgie kamburoff, just like in the real world.

Why do you think this will ever change?

Apr 11, 2017
This news is not good for the industry: "Toshiba warns it may not survive crisis"

Toshiba owns Westinghouse which is building four new-technology nuclear plants in the US, which are running into big trouble.

The two in Georgia have been guaranteed by a federal huge subsidy, awarding the owners $8,300,000,000 of protection for which WE taxpayers are on the hook.

Why are we subsidizing the facilities of billion-dollar corporations, protecting them from their own poor decisions?

Apr 11, 2017
France is not going to magically close all its nuclear plants, Willie. People working there would go nuts and the whole country would suffer from a sudden decision anyway.

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