Researchers demonstrate holographic memory device

Feb 19, 2014 by Sean Nealon
This is a prototype of the holographic memory device built in the lab of Alexander Khitun. Credit: UC Riverside

(Phys.org) —A team of researchers from the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering and Russian Academy of Science have demonstrated a new type of holographic memory device that could provide unprecedented data storage capacity and data processing capabilities in electronic devices.

The new type of uses – a collective oscillation of spins in magnetic materials – instead of the optical beams. Spin waves are advantageous because spin wave devices are compatible with the conventional electronic devices and may operate at a much shorter wavelength than optical devices, allowing for smaller that have greater storage capacity.

Experimental results obtained by the team show it is feasible to apply holographic techniques developed in optics to magnetic structures to create a magnonic holographic memory device. The research combines the advantages of the with the wave-based information transfer.

"The results open a new field of research, which may have tremendous impact on the development of new logic and memory devices," said Alexander Khitun, the lead researcher, who is a research professor at UC Riverside.

A paper, "Magnonic Holographic Memory," that describes the finding has been submitted for publication in the journal Applied Physics Letters. An advance copy of the paper can be accessed at: http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.5133

This is a set of three holograms obtained for the three configurations of the top micro-magnets as illustrated by the schematics. Credit: Alexander Khitun

There are three co-authors of the paper: Frederick Gertz, a graduate student who works with Khitun at UC Riverside, and A. Kozhevnikov and Y. Filimonov, both of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Holography is a technique based on the wave nature of light which allows the use of wave interference between the object beam and the coherent background. It is commonly associated with images being made from light, such as on driver's licenses or paper currency. However, this is only a narrow field of holography.

The first holograms were designed in the last 1940s for use with electron microscopes. A decade later, with the advent of the laser, optical holographic images were popularized. Since, other fields have significantly advanced by using wave interference to produce holograms, including acoustic holograms used in seismic applications and microwave holography used in radar systems.

Holography has been also recognized as a future data storing technology with unprecedented capacity and ability to write and read a large number of data in a highly parallel manner.

Khitun has been working for more than nine years to develop logic device exploiting spin waves. Most of his initial research was focused on the development of spin wave-based logic circuits similar to the ones currently used in the computers.

A critical moment occurred last year when he decided the device didn't need to replace the computer's electronic circuits. Instead, the device would complement the circuits, or help them accomplish certain tasks, such as image recognition, speech recognition and .

The experiments outlined in the paper were conducted using a 2-bit magnonic holographic memory prototype device. A pair of magnets, which represent the memory elements, were aligned in different positions on the magnetic waveguides.

Spin waves propagating through the waveguides are affected by the magnetic field produced by the magnets. When spin waves interference was applied in the experiments, a clear picture was produced and the researchers could recognize the magnetic states of the magnets. All experiments were done at room temperature.

Explore further: Researchers take magnetic waves for a spin

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baudrunner
1 / 5 (1) Feb 19, 2014
They'll have to radically alter the application to make a high density storage device that is competitive with existing storage media. They way it looks right now, you'd need a box full of these things to store a couple of kilobytes even if they did miniaturize them.
hillbillyvoodoo
5 / 5 (4) Feb 19, 2014
Amazing possibilities.

@baudrunner - Have you ever seen a picture of the first transistor? It looks quite similar. Do you think Johnny, Billy And Wally ever thought that a machine with billions of those "crystal triodes" could fit on the tip of your finger?

thatsitalright
5 / 5 (1) Feb 20, 2014
This is a cool peek at the tech of tomorrow. There's no way this will be product ready for 15 years, even if it is the next biggest thing. Still, it's great to see researchers doing science.
dirk_bruere
5 / 5 (1) Feb 20, 2014
I have been waiting for the promised holographic storage for around 30 years. Back then they were claiming that "one day" it might be able to store up to a *massive* 100GB!
holoman
not rated yet Feb 20, 2014
2D storage based on flash geometry.

When I see a terabyte in 10 nanometer columns will be impressed.

This is just me too technology.
antialias_physorg
5 / 5 (1) Feb 20, 2014
They'll have to radically alter the application to make a high density storage device that is competitive with existing storage media.

There's a number of factors that will deteremine whether it'll make an impact:
-is it rewriteable (this is one reason why conventional holographic memory hasn't caught on, It's not. And the one system I know of that is is rather slow and has low data density)
-how fast is it rewriteable
-how often can it be rewritten (this should not be a problem with magnonic hologrpahic devices)

As for the fast read/write ability: That is more a problem of bus speeds and may require a radically new architecture.