China's synthetic gas plants would be greenhouse giants

Sep 25, 2013

Coal-powered synthetic natural gas plants being planned in China would produce seven times more greenhouse gas emissions than conventional natural gas plants, and use up to 100 times the water as shale gas production, according to a new study by Duke University researchers.

These have been largely neglected in the drive to meet the nation's growing energy needs, the researchers say, and might lock China on an irreversible and unsustainable path for decades to come.

"Using coal to make may be good for China's , but it's an environmental disaster in the making," said Robert B. Jackson, Nicholas Professor of Environmental Sciences and director of the Duke Center on Global Change.

"At a minimum, Chinese policymakers should delay implementing their plan to avoid a potentially costly and environmentally damaging outcome," said Chi-Jen Yang, a research scientist at Duke's Center on Global Change. "An even better decision would be to cancel the program entirely."

Yang is lead author of the new study, which was published Thursday in the peer-reviewed journal Nature Climate Change.

As part of the largest investment in coal-fueled synthetic in history, the central Chinese government recently has approved construction of nine large-scale capable of producing more than 37 billion cubic meters of synthetic natural gas annually. Private companies are planning to build more than 30 other plants, capable of producing as much as 200 million cubic meters of natural gas each year—far exceeding China's current natural gas demand.

"These plants are coming online at a rapid pace. If all nine plants planned by the Chinese government were built, they would emit 21 billion tons of carbon dioxide over a typical 40-year lifetime, seven times the greenhouse gas that would be emitted by traditional natural gas plants," Jackson said.

"If all 40 of the facilities are built, their would be an astonishing 110 billion tons," Jackson said.

The analysis by Yang and Jackson finds that if the gas produced by the new plants is used to generate electricity, the total lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions would be 36 percent to 82 percent higher than pulverized coal-fired power.

If the synthetic natural gas made by the plants were used to fuel vehicles, the lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions would be twice as large as from gasoline-fueled vehicles.

"The increased carbon dioxide emissions from the nine government-approved plants alone will more than cancel out all of the reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from China's recent investments in wind and solar electricity," Yang said. "While we applaud China's rapid development in clean energy, we must be cautious about this simultaneous high-carbon leapfrogging."

The study notes that the plants would also emit hydrogen sulfide and mercury, which, if not properly scrubbed and treated, are potentially harmful to human health.

Excessive water consumption by the plants is also a concern.

"Producing synthetic natural gas requires 50 to 100 times the amount of water you need to produce shale gas," Yang said. "The nine plants approved by the government—most of which are located in desert or semi-desert regions in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia—will consume more than 200 million tons of water annually and could worsen water shortages in areas that already are under significant water stress."

The overall environmental impacts will be severe, Jackson said. "It will lock in high , water use and mercury pollution for decades. Perhaps there's still time to stop it."

Explore further: US to limit emissions at new power plants

More information: "China's Synthetic Natural Gas Revolution," Chi-Jen Yang, Robert B. Jackson. Nature Climate Change, Sept. 26, 2013 DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1988

Related Stories

US to limit emissions at new power plants

Sep 20, 2013

The US Environmental Protection Agency proposed Friday to limit carbon dioxide emissions from new power plants in a bid to implement President Barack Obama's plan to fight climate change.

Report: Use of coal to generate power rises

Jul 12, 2013

Power plants in the United States are burning coal more often to generate electricity, reversing the growing use of natural gas and threatening to increase domestic emissions of greenhouse gases after a period of decline, ...

Obama officials: Rule won't kill coal-fired power

Sep 18, 2013

President Barack Obama's top energy and environmental officials said Wednesday there is a future for coal, despite a pending regulation aimed at limiting global warming pollution from new power plants that ...

Harvesting electricity from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide

Jul 23, 2013

A new method for producing electricity from carbon dioxide could be the start of a classic trash-to-treasure story for the troublesome greenhouse gas, scientists are reporting. Described in an article in ACS' journal Environmental Sc ...

Recommended for you

US delays decision on Keystone pipeline project

Apr 18, 2014

The United States announced Friday a fresh delay on a final decision regarding a controversial Canada to US oil pipeline, saying more time was needed to carry out a review.

New research on Earth's carbon budget

Apr 18, 2014

(Phys.org) —Results from a research project involving scientists from the Desert Research Institute have generated new findings surrounding some of the unknowns of changes in climate and the degree to which ...

User comments : 6

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Egleton
1 / 5 (6) Sep 25, 2013
Can't wait.
triplehelix
1 / 5 (12) Sep 25, 2013
"An even better decision would be to cancel the program entirely."

I agree, let's shut down all greenhouse causing energy making stations.

Oh, theres no electricity. You mean even after those trillions of many currencies were spent and thousands of wind farms made cluttering up all our green countrysides we still don't even have 1% usage of them.

Oh.
Sinister1811
2.5 / 5 (8) Sep 25, 2013
When both oil and coal start running out, they're going to have to find a solution eventually. That might even include nuclear.
triplehelix
1.4 / 5 (11) Sep 25, 2013
Coal and oil will be around for a long, long time.

I still have my secondary school books in the attic saying how coal and oil will run out by 2020, back in the 80's. Here we are, 7 years away, and still have plenty of it.

I am not saying it is renewable, it isn't. But the Earths has terra-tons of it still left
Neinsense99
2.6 / 5 (10) Sep 29, 2013
Coal and oil will be around for a long, long time.

I still have my secondary school books in the attic saying how coal and oil will run out by 2020, back in the 80's. Here we are, 7 years away, and still have plenty of it.

I am not saying it is renewable, it isn't. But the Earths has terra-tons of it still left

I bet those textbooks actually referred to then-known reserves, to more accessible reserves or nothing of the kind. Much like the alleged ice-age prediction that never really existed, but gets trotted out by the anti-science crowd as a convenient straw man.
VendicarE
3.4 / 5 (5) Sep 30, 2013
"I still have my secondary school books in the attic saying how coal and oil will run out by 2020, back in the 80's" - Triplehelix

I smell another lie.

Scan the relevant pages and post them here.

More news stories

China says massive area of its soil polluted

A huge area of China's soil covering more than twice the size of Spain is estimated to be polluted, the government said Thursday, announcing findings of a survey previously kept secret.

UN weather agency warns of 'El Nino' this year

The UN weather agency Tuesday warned there was a good chance of an "El Nino" climate phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean this year, bringing droughts and heavy rainfall to the rest of the world.

Making graphene in your kitchen

Graphene has been touted as a wonder material—the world's thinnest substance, but super-strong. Now scientists say it is so easy to make you could produce some in your kitchen.

Low tolerance for pain? The reason may be in your genes

Researchers may have identified key genes linked to why some people have a higher tolerance for pain than others, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual ...

How to keep your fitness goals on track

(HealthDay)—The New Year's resolutions many made to get fit have stalled by now. And one expert thinks that's because many people set their goals too high.