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Metalens expands its reach from light to sound

Metalens expands Its reach from light to sound
Conceptual illustration demonstrating the realization of a wide field-of-hearing metalens via symmetry conversion of a spherically symmetric Lunberg lens. Credit: POSTECH

Researchers at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) have achieved a breakthrough in surpassing the limitations of traditional acoustic metalenses. They have successfully developed the first wide field-of-hearing metalens. Their research has been published in Nature Communications.

Sound waves, originating from vibrations in mediums like gases and liquids, are omnipresent in our daily experiences. Notably, high-frequency ultrasound waves, imperceptible to the human ear, are utilized in medical ultrasound examinations for diagnosing tissues or organs within the body. Consequently, sound waves serve as a vital energy source not only in medicine but also in telecommunications, energy harvesting, imaging, and various other domains. Acoustic lenses are fundamental in all these as they are instrumental in accurately focusing sound waves.

A metalens, comprised of artificial structures usually smaller than the wavelength of the waves, enables unrestricted manipulation of waves while significantly reducing lens thickness. This extends the concept of a wide field-of-view, currently trending in next-generation AR and VR devices and displays, into the realm of acoustics, opening avenues for novel applications of wide field-of-hearing technology.

Wide field-of-hearing measures the breadth of angles through which a lens can display a sound image. Traditional acoustic metalenses suffer from undesired sound distortion (aberration) when waves approach at non-perpendicular angles.

The team devised a method to meticulously control the phase of the metalens, ensuring precise focusing of regardless of their angle of incidence. This marks the first successful achievement and demonstration of a wide field-of-hearing using ultra-thin metalenses, achieving up to 140 degrees of field-of-hearing without sound distortion.

Professor Junsuk Rho from POSTECH's Department of Mechanical Engineering stated, "By first demonstrating the significance and necessity of field-of-hearing, we've established a new paradigm in the realm of acoustic metalenses. We will continue our work to further explore its applications in acoustic imaging and high-sensitivity sensing along with explorations in energy harvesting and submarine monitoring within underwater environments."

More information: Dongwoo Lee et al, Wide field-of-hearing metalens for aberration-free sound capture, Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-47050-9

Journal information: Nature Communications

Citation: Metalens expands its reach from light to sound (2024, May 14) retrieved 25 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-metalens.html
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