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Perovskite LEDs, a thousand times brighter than OLEDs

Perovskite LEDs, a thousand times brighter than OLEDs
Transparent perovskite light emitting diodes on sapphire substrate with scaled emission area for injection of ultrahigh current densities. Credit: IMEC

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have revolutionized modern lighting and sensing technology. From applications in our homes to industry, LEDs are used for all lighting applications, from indoor lighting over TV screens to biomedicine. Widely used organic LEDs (OLEDs) today, for example in smartphone screens, employ organic thin-film materials as a semiconductor. However, their maximum brightness remains limited; just think of trying to read your smartphone screen on a very sunny day.

Meanwhile, perovskites—a class of materials with a specific crystal structure—are proving their worth beyond . With excellent optoelectrical properties, low-cost processability and efficient charge transport, these materials have emerged in the last 10 years as interesting candidates for light emission applications, such as LEDs.

However, while perovskites can withstand very high current densities, operation with the emission of high-intensity coherent light has not been reached yet. "In the ULTRA-LUX project, imec showed for the first time a PeLED architecture with low optical losses and pumped these PeLEDs to current densities that support the stimulated emission of light," explained Prof. Paul Heremans, who is an imec senior fellow and principal investigator of the project.

The project is detailed published in Nature Photonics, titled "Electrically assisted amplified spontaneous emission in perovskite ."

"This novel architecture of transport layers, transparent electrodes and perovskite as the semiconductor active material, can operate at electrical current densities tens of thousands of times higher (3 kA cm-2) than conventional OLEDs can."

"With this architecture, imec enhanced amplified , with an electrical assist of the conventional optical pumping. By doing so, imec demonstrated that electrical injection contributes 13% to the total amount of stimulated emission and thus approaches the threshold to achieve a thin-film injection laser," stated Robert Gehlhaar, imec project manager. "Reaching this landmark milestone towards high-power thin-film laser diodes is paving the way to exciting new applications of thin-film lasers."

More information: Karim Elkhouly et al, Electrically assisted amplified spontaneous emission in perovskite light-emitting diodes, Nature Photonics (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41566-023-01341-7

Journal information: Nature Photonics

Provided by IMEC

Citation: Perovskite LEDs, a thousand times brighter than OLEDs (2024, January 9) retrieved 13 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-01-perovskite-thousand-brighter-oleds.html
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