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Recent advances in vacuum ultraviolet photochemistry of astrochemically important small molecules

Recent advances in vacuum ultraviolet photochemistry of astrochemically important small molecules
Combined with the vacuum ultraviolet free electron laser and the table-top lasers, the photochemistry of small molecules in the whole photolysis wavelength region and all of the photo-fragment channels could be well investigated. The detailed knowledge of photochemical processes will help us understanding the molecular evolution in the universe. Credit: Science China Press

The photodissociation of an isolated molecule from a well-defined initial quantum state provides a lens through which one can investigate how and why chemical reactions occur, and provides numerous opportunities for fruitful, synergistic collaborations with high level ab initio quantum chemists. The chosen molecules in this review, their photofragments, and the subsequent chemical reaction networks to which they can contribute, are all crucial in planetary atmospheres and in interstellar and circumstellar environments.

Kaijun and Michael, together with Prof. Xueming Yang, highlight recent photodissociation investigations of selected triatomic molecules (H2O, H2S, CO2, OCS and CS2) enabled by the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV-FEL) at the Dalian coherent light source (DCLS); highlight the recently recognized central atom elimination process that is shown to contribute in all of these triatomic molecules; highlight some of the potential implications of this rich photochemistry to our understanding of interstellar chemistry and within the universe.

"The just a fraction of the molecules for which the VUV-FEL light source has enabled new and detailed photodissociation dynamics studies, focusing particularly on triatomic systems of importance in and in interstellar and circumstellar environments. The chosen examples demonstrate advances of an FEL source for studies of molecular photochemistry: It affords ready availability of short photolysis wavelengths, simplifies studies of different target molecules over wide wavelength ranges in an even-handed way, and thereby facilitates the identification of hitherto unrecognized fragmentation pathways," Kaijun says.

Recent advances in vacuum ultraviolet photochemistry of astrochemically important small molecules
The wavelength dependent H atom and S atom spectra obtained following photodissociation of H2S molecules (A). The dominant transitions contributing to the four features are indicated. The 3D contour plots of the translational energy distributions of the H + SH (B-C) and S+H2 (D-E) products from photodissociation of H2S via different rotational transitions. Credit: Science China Press

The review of molecular photochemistry may inspire future research directions in areas related to chemical reaction dynamics and astrochemistry that will be enabled by increased access to VUV-FEL sources.

The review paper is published in the journal National Science Review, and is written by Prof. Kaijun Yuan (State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics and Dalian Coherent Light Source, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) and Prof. Michael N. R. Ashfold (School of Chemistry, University of Bristol).

More information: Yao Chang et al, Exploring the Vacuum Ultraviolet Photochemistry of Astrochemically Important Triatomic Molecules, National Science Review (2023). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwad158

Citation: Recent advances in vacuum ultraviolet photochemistry of astrochemically important small molecules (2023, July 10) retrieved 24 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-07-advances-vacuum-ultraviolet-photochemistry-astrochemically.html
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