Common weed killers favor antibiotic resistant bacteria, new study shows

Common weed killers favour antibiotic resistant bacteria, new study shows
Setting up soil microcosms for herbicide exposure experiment. Credit: Liao Hanpeng

The use of weed killers can increase the prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in soil, a new study from the University of York shows.

Herbicides are one of the most widely used chemicals in agriculture and while these compounds are used to target weeds, they can cause damage to microbes, such as bacteria and fungi, potentially changing the ecological properties of microbial communities.

Scientists from China and the UK studied the effect of three widely used herbicides called glyphosate, glufosinate and dicamba on soil bacterial communities.

Using soil microcosms, researchers discovered that herbicides increased the relative abundance of bacterial species that carried antibiotic resistance . This was because mutations that improved growth in the presence of herbicides also increased bacterial tolerance to antibiotics. Herbicide exposure also led to more frequent movement of antibiotic resistance genes between bacteria.

Similar patterns were found in across 11 Chinese provinces where application history, and the levels of herbicide residues in soils, were linked to increased levels of antibiotic resistance genes.

Dr. Ville Friman from the Department of Biology said: "Our results suggest that the could indirectly drive antibiotic resistance evolution in agricultural soil microbiomes, which are repeatedly exposed to herbicides during weed control.

"Interestingly, antibiotic resistance genes were favored at herbicide concentrations that were not lethal to bacteria. This shows that already very low levels of herbicides could significantly change the genetic composition of soil bacterial populations. Such effects are currently missed by ecotoxicological risk assessments, which do not consider evolutionary consequences of prolonged chemical application at the level of microbial communities.

"While antibiotic resistance genes are not harmful per se, they will reduce the efficiency of antibiotics during clinical treatments. Keeping the frequency of resistance genes low will hence prolong the long-efficiency of . As resistance genes can easily move between environments, agricultural fields could be globally important source for resistance genes"

The study concludes that the effects of these herbicide concentrations on microbial communities should be re-evaluated to fully understand the associated risks for the prevalence of .

The study, "Herbicide selection promotes antibiotic resistance in soil microbiomes" is published in Molecular Biology and Evolution.


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New study links common herbicides and antibiotic resistance

More information: Molecular Biology And Evolution (2021). DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msab029
Journal information: Molecular Biology and Evolution

Provided by University of York
Citation: Common weed killers favor antibiotic resistant bacteria, new study shows (2021, February 16) retrieved 20 April 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-02-common-weed-killers-favor-antibiotic.html
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