Revealing the structure of the mysterious blue whirling flame

Revealing the structure of the mysterious blue whirling flame

A team of researchers working at the University of Maryland has uncovered the structure of the mysterious blue whirling flame. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes using computer simulations to determine the structure of the unique type of flame.

Back in 2016, a team of researchers discovered what they described as a blue whirling flame while they were studying the properties of liquid fuel floating on water. They had added fuel to a tank full of water that was enclosed in a space that generated a vortex. They described a fire that looked at first like a tornado, but then shortly after, settled into what they dubbed a blue whirling flame. They noted at the time that its color suggested it likely was very efficient, burning the fuel without creating soot—a property that might be useful in cleaning up oil spills. Since then, others have looked at the unique type of flame, but no one had tried to understand its . In this new effort, the researchers took a closer look at the flame and found it was actually three types of flames that had merged into one.

To learn more about the nature of the blue whirling flame, the researchers created using conditions known to generate them. They then slowly adjusted the parameters until they were able to generate the flame virtually. They discovered that the flame was actually the result of three known types of flames merging: those with an invisible outer flame, which happens when there is less fuel than oxygen in the mix—and two that had types of visible inner flames in which higher ratios are more common.

A set of videos that show the blue whirl from the numerical simulation (center) of this paper with a blue whirl from an experiment (left and right). All three videos are reduced speed. Credit: Chung et al., Sci. Adv. 2020; 6: eaba0827

The researchers suggest that knowing that the blue whirling is made up of other types of flames could allow for their creation in more controllable circumstances—and it should allow for skipping the tornado-shaped stage, which is a good thing, they note, because such flames are dangerous, as has been noted in recent years in wildfires. They also suggest that due to their efficiency, such flames might be used for cleaner combustion processes.

UMD researchers identify structure of blue whirls
(A) Stable blue whirl. (B) Slightly unstable blue whirl with soot in the middle, suggesting a bubble mode of vortex breakdown. Credit: H. Xiao, University of Science and Technology of China

Explore further

Flame design in space may lead to soot-free fire

More information: J.D. Chung el al., "The structure of the blue whirl revealed," Science Advances (2020). … .1126/sciadv.aba0827
Journal information: Science Advances

© 2020 Science X Network

Citation: Revealing the structure of the mysterious blue whirling flame (2020, August 13) retrieved 24 September 2021 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors