Biophysicists unravel exact folding of a single gene

Biophysicists unravel exact folding of a single gene
Model of pulling apart DNA which is folded into a structure called chromatin. Credit: Leiden Institute of Physics

The way genes are folded determines their activity in our body. Leiden University biophysicists are now the first to unravel this structure molecule-by-molecule. Publication on December 1st in Nature's Scientific Reports.

Reading out DNA has been possible for decades. Scientists read the like a book: letter by letter, and molecule by molecule. Until now, they have been unable to determine the folding of DNA with the same precision. This folding determines which genes are active. Leiden University biophysicists have now for the first time unraveled molecule-by-molecule the structure of a gene and the proteins around it.

John van Noort and his research group tested their method on DNA from a yeast solution. First, they isolated a single gene—about 0.001 percent of the DNA of a single cell. To do this, first author Klaas Hermans designed an artificial piece of DNA—a Locked Nucleic Acid hairpin—to couple to the . He then extracted this hairpin from the solution with magnetic beads. Next, he used magnetic tweezers to pull the gene and surrounding proteins apart, molecule by molecule.

Van Noort expects the new technique to make a big impact. "Apart from unraveling the structure of our genome, we can use it to analyze our genome in a targeted manner." His method can make sequencing of interesting parts of our genome quicker and cheaper by only mapping out important .

Biophysicists unravel exact folding of a single gene
Credit: Leiden Institute of Physics

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More information: Nicolaas Hermans et al. Toehold-enhanced LNA probes for selective pull down and single-molecule analysis of native chromatin, Scientific Reports (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-16864-7
Journal information: Scientific Reports

Citation: Biophysicists unravel exact folding of a single gene (2017, December 1) retrieved 25 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-12-biophysicists-unravel-exact-gene.html
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