Ryk needs a chaperone

Ryk needs a chaperone
Embryonic mouse cortex with neural stem cells (red) and neurons (green). Credit: Wen-Hsuan Chang/Wange Lu Lab/USC

Ryk has made the headlines by requiring a chaperone. But don't assume that Ryk is a badly behaved celebrity—it's actually a protein featured in a new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences (PNAS).

In the study, first authors Wen-Hsuan Chang from the USC Stem Cell laboratory of Wange Lu, Si Ho Choi from the Dongnam Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences (DIRAMS) in South Korea, and their colleagues describe how Ryk and its chaperone contribute to the development of the brain's cortex, which is the gray matter responsible for consciousness.

During cortical development, a part of Ryk called the (ICD) must be chaperoned into the nucleus of the stem cells that become neurons. Chang's team discovered the identity of Ryk's chaperone: a protein named Smek.

Smek not only chaperones Ryk into the nucleus, which contains the stem cell's genes. Smek also works with Ryk to regulate the activity of key genes that transform stem cells into .

"Such studies not only help us understand the mechanisms of how become neurons, but also will be useful for us to develop therapies to treat neurological diseases and brain cancer," said Wange Lu, associate professor of and regenerative medicine, and biochemistry and molecular biology.

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More information: Wen-Hsuan Chang el al., "Smek1/2 is a nuclear chaperone and cofactor for cleaved Wnt receptor Ryk, regulating cortical neurogenesis," PNAS (2017). www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1715772114
Citation: Ryk needs a chaperone (2017, November 27) retrieved 21 June 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-ryk-chaperone.html
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