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Comet inspires chemistry for making breathable oxygen on Mars

Science fiction stories are chock full of terraforming schemes and oxygen generators for a very good reason—we humans need molecular oxygen (O2) to breathe, and space is essentially devoid of it. Even on other planets with ...

Chemical juggling with three particles

Chemists from the University of Bonn and their U.S. colleagues at Columbia University in New York have discovered a novel mechanism in catalysis that allows the cheap, environmentally friendly synthesis of certain alcohols. ...

Interactive quantum chemistry in virtual reality

Scientists from the University of Bristol's Intangible Realities Laboratory (IRL) and ETH Zurich have used virtual reality and artificial intelligence algorithms to learn the details of chemical change.

Producing electricity at estuaries using light and osmosis

Most renewable power technologies are weather dependent. Wind farms can only operate when there's a breeze, and solar power plants rely on sunlight. Researchers at EPFL are working on a method to capture an energy source ...

Robots activated by water may be the next frontier

New research from the laboratory of Ozgur Sahin, associate professor of biological sciences and physics at Columbia University, shows that materials can be fabricated to create soft actuators—devices that convert energy ...

How to program materials

Ali Gooneie simulates on his computer what holds the world together right at its very core: atoms, molecules, molecular chains and bundles—then lumps and fibers, which emerge from these. With his calculations, the Empa ...

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Materials Science
New research shows how clustered particles determine elasticity of some gels
Analytical Chemistry
A way to determine the absolute stereochemistry of small, organic molecules
Polymers
Tackling the forensic unknowns of 3-D-printed firearms
Analytical Chemistry
A more efficient way to cleave pendant olefins from terpenes and similar compounds
Biochemistry
Engineered microbial production of grape flavoring
Polymers
Bio-inspired material targets oceans' uranium stores for sustainable nuclear energy
Materials Science
Self-repairing batteries: engineers develop a way to create high-capacity long-life batteries
Polymers
Synthesis of helical ladder polymers
Materials Science
Scientists develop ultrasensitive organic phototransistors based on novel hybrid-layered architecture
Materials Science
Improving carbon-capturing with metal-organic frameworks
Materials Science
Visualizing microglia in brain tissue with a fluorescence turn-on substrate
Biochemistry
A hydrogel that can stop bleeding from an artery
Materials Science
New material could unlock potential for hydrogen powered vehicle revolution
Materials Science
Machine learning predicts mechanical properties of porous materials
Materials Science
New surface treatment could improve refrigeration efficiency
Materials Science
New technique prepares 2-D perovskite single crystals for highest photodetectivity
Materials Science
Compositional design of multi-component alloys by high-throughput screening
Materials Science
New coating could have big implications for lithium batteries
Materials Science
Electrode's 'hot edges' convert CO2 gas into fuels and chemicals
Materials Science
Research team leads the way in a green chemistry breakthrough for renewables

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Nanophysics
Study investigates how spin-orbit interaction protects Majorana nanowires
Nanomaterials
Adding a carbon atom transforms 2-D semiconducting material
Astronomy
Meteor magnets in outer space—study finds elusive giant planets
General Physics
Origami-inspired materials could soften the blow for reusable spacecraft
Superconductivity
Tapping the power of AI and high-performance computing to extend evolution to superconductors
Astronomy
Scientists uncover exotic matter in the sun's atmosphere
Nanophysics
Rare iron oxide could be combined with 2-D materials for electronic, spintronic devices
General Physics
Evidence found of continuous phase transition when rats move from sleep to awake
Astronomy
Hubble spies curious galaxy moving a little closer
Analytical Chemistry
Engineers create a simple test that can measure stress hormones in sweat, blood, urine or saliva
Ecology
Dead roots, not just waves, account for marsh losses in gulf
Biotechnology
How corn's ancient ancestor swipes left on crossbreeding
Molecular & Computational Biology
More than a protein factory: A role for ribosomes in regulating human gene expression
Earth Sciences
Scientists discover ancient seawater preserved from the last Ice Age
Cell & Microbiology
Scientists discover signalling circuit boards inside body's cells
General Physics
Lithium doesn't crack under pressure, it transforms
Biotechnology
A 'crisper' method for gene editing in fungi
Nanomaterials
Cooling wood: Engineers create strong, sustainable solution for passive cooling
Earth Sciences
Solving geothermal energy's earthquake problem
Plants & Animals
Dolphin study reveals the genes essential for species' survival