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Materials Science news

Power stations driven by light

Green plants, algae and some bacteria use sunlight to convert energy. The pigments in chlorophyll absorb electromagnetic radiation, which induces chemical reactions in electrons. These reactions take place in the nucleus ...

dateJan 16, 2019 in Materials Science
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Making ammonia 'greener'

Ammonia, a compound first synthesized about a century ago, has dozens of modern uses and has become essential in making the fertilizer that now sustains most of our global food production.

dateJan 11, 2019 in Materials Science
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Chirality in real time

Distinguishing between left-handed and right-handed (chiral) molecules is crucial in chemistry and the life sciences, and is commonly achieved using a method called circular dichroism. However, during biochemical reactions, ...

What should we do about single-use plastics?

Much of the growing global concern about the plastics polluting our oceans and clogging our landfills has focused on reducing consumption and reusing where we can. But there's a reason manufacturers and consumers struggle ...

dateJan 10, 2019 in Materials Science
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New catalysts for better fuel cells

Researchers at Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology (DGIST) have developed nano-catalysts that can reduce the overall cost of clean energy fuel cells, according to a study published in the journal of Applied ...

dateJan 10, 2019 in Materials Science
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The new green alternative for drug production

Most of the processes for the production of drugs, pesticides and smartphone displays are cost-intensive and generate a large amount of waste. Scientists at the University of Göttingen have now succeeded in developing a ...

Illuminating how nitrogenase makes ammonia

A team of researchers led by PNNL computational scientist Simone Raugei have revealed new insights about how this complex enzyme does its job, finding that the seemingly wasteful formation of hydrogen has an essential purpose. ...

Engineers create an inhalable form of messenger RNA

Messenger RNA, which can induce cells to produce therapeutic proteins, holds great promise for treating a variety of diseases. The biggest obstacle to this approach so far has been finding safe and efficient ways to deliver ...

Greener hydrogen from water

The idea of using hydrogen as the basis of a clean sustainable energy source, often termed a hydrogen economy, has been a topic of conversation for decades. Hydrogen fuel, for example, doesn't emit any carbon dioxide and ...

Optimizing the use of cleaning technologies

We know it from our own homes: bulky kitchen utensils and appliances are difficult to clean. In industry, complex components are more the rule than the exception and present big challenges for the design of cleaning systems. ...

Saturn hasn't always had rings
3-D culturing hepatocytes on a liver-on-a-chip device
Afromontane forests and climate change
New thermoelectric material delivers record performance
How our cellular antennas are formed
Cultivating 4-D tissues—the self-curving cornea
Sea slug study illuminates how mitochondria move
Zirconium isotope a master at neutron capture
Study: Social media sways exercise motivation

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