Algae biodiesel production has to be three times cheaper

Oct 01, 2010 By Albert Sikkema

The cost of producing biodiesel from algae is now three and a half times more than producing it from oil, and twice as much as producing fuel from rapeseed. Investments in biotechnology would however make it feasible for petrol to be produced from algae.

This is put forth by the Wageningen University environmental economist Justus Wesseler and his colleague Vujadin Dovacevic in the October issue of .

Last month, Wageningen UR environmental technologists Rene Wijffels and Maria Barbosa reported in Science that the production of biodiesel from algae cultivation would be feasible in ten to fifteen years' time. The cost of algae production would have to go down by a factor of ten, contended Wijffels.

Exact figures

Economist Wesseler has now come up with exact figures. The cost of producing biodiesel from algae is currently 52.3 Euros per gigajoule of energy, compared with 36 Euros for rapeseed and only 15.8 Euros for . Wesseler has factored in the high costs of algae reactors based on figures from current, especially American, algae processors. 'Those facilities are not the most modern and efficient', he says. 'In the past year, the conversion of algae into biodiesel has become more efficient and, therefore, less costly.'

If biodiesel from algae were to be competitive with other biofuels, the productivity of algae reactors would have to grow annually by at least three to four percent more than the productivity of other bioreactors over a stretch of fifteen years.

Upscaling

Wesseler gives this a fairly high probability of success. 'Wijffels and Barbosa see many ways to improve the production process. The conversion of rapeseed and other crops into biofuels is already at a more advanced stage compared with that for diesel from algae. Upscaling the technology can also lead to big cost reductions.' If were to rise again too, a point will come when biodiesel from algae becomes cheaper than from oil. Provided that the government and the private sector keep investing in developing technology, adds Wesseler.

Explore further: Scientists invent award winning 2-in-1 motor for electric cars

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Quantum_Conundrum
not rated yet Oct 01, 2010
Well, duh. Oil prices are going to go up over the long term with so many Asian and African nations ramping up their consumption.
Dug
not rated yet Oct 14, 2010
As usual the article is citing projected costs - not actual. We've produced algae commercially for the past 40 years (not for fuels) and after 5 years of researching the economic feasibility of algae oil production we have yet to find documented and audited production costs under $18/gallon. We note commercial scale algae production requires the same petro-chemical and phosphate type fertilizers as our food crops (of which 95% are dependent). These fertilizer resources are at - or will reach their peaks in less than 30 years. Furthermore, waste nutrients are not logistically feasible economically. Only about 3% are located where algae can be produced at commercial scales and some 35% of US human wastes end up in septic tanks. While we would love to see algae fuels develop, it isn't going to be possible to get past their human food competitive petro and phosphate requirements, even if we are able to reduce their extraction and processing costs which are currently prohibitive.