Back to the future for computers: A return to the 1980s?

Mar 11, 2010

A presentation at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) in San Diego on March 24 will examine the technologies that will emerge in the next three to four years to power warehouse-scale computing data centers, upon which companies such as Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Yahoo, Facebook, and many more are increasingly relying.

The advent of distributed, massive-scale "cloud computing" today is something of a return to the early 1980s, when computing was of a different sort. Rather than individual desktop or laptop machines, which are the current norm, computers were usually time-shared among multiple users working on "dumb" terminals connected to a central machine—often located in some remote corner of the building.

Cloud computing basically makes use of the Internet to connect remote users to massive, warehouse-scale data centers that house large networks of processors and memory for crunching and storing data. These warehouse data centers promise to lower computing costs by sharing resources and taking advantage of economies of scale, says Network Architect Cedric Lam of , and they will relieve users of the hassles of maintaining and upgrading equipment and backing up their data.

But the real advantage of this type of computing, adds Lam, is portability. "Users enjoy the convenience of accessing their data from anywhere and at any time, so long as they have a network connection," he says.

At OFC/NFOEC 2010, Lam will discuss the optical and other optical networking technologies that will emerge in the next few years. Low-cost, high-bandwidth and high-density interconnects are essential for this type of computing because they make it possible to lower and increase connectivity among individual processors within the clusters of connected computers in the warehouses. Optical connectivity is also used for the ultra-long-haul transport of information between data centers.

On the long-haul side, what will be most important in the next few years, Lam says, is maximizing the capacity of existing and newly installed optical lines, and minimizing the need for OEO regenerators over long distances. He says this may be accomplished by exploring new optical spectra besides the traditional C-band, and new ways to carry information, e.g. using new modulation formats and signal processing techniques to improve spectral efficiency and tolerances to transmission impairments.

Explore further: ESA investigates an alternative, environmental-friendly method of corrosion resistance

Related Stories

Data Travels Six Times Faster in the Clouds

Feb 26, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- The National Center for Data Mining (NCDM) at the University of Chicago at Illinois established a cloud computing system that can quickly compile data from widely geographically distributed ...

Mitsubishi, Hitachi eye disc for cloud computing era

Aug 06, 2009

Hitachi Ltd., Mitsubishi Chemical Corp. and some other organizations plan to jointly develop a next-generation optical disc that can store 25 times more data than a Blu-ray Disc, with the aim of putting the technology into ...

Spreading high-speed Internet to rural areas

Mar 16, 2009

To cut the cost of bringing high-speed Internet to rural areas, Dr. Ka Lun Lee and colleagues at the University of Melbourne and NEC Australia in the state of Victoria are experimenting with a way to boost the reach of existing ...

Recommended for you

The oscillator that could makeover the mechanical watch

10 hours ago

For the first time in 200 years the heart of the mechanical watch has been reinvented, thereby improving precision and autonomy while making the watch completely silent. EPFL researchers have developed an ...

User comments : 3

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

DaffyDuck
1 / 5 (2) Mar 12, 2010
My max upload speed at home with TWC is a measly 256K. How can cloud computing be a better experience with that? Answer: It can't.
thematrix606
not rated yet Mar 12, 2010
60mbits down and 6mbits up.... no where near as fast as my own machine (hdd read/write).
NotAsleep
not rated yet Mar 16, 2010
My max upload speed at home with TWC is a measly 256K. How can cloud computing be a better experience with that? Answer: It can't.


Answer: Get a faster connection. Optical fiber isn't mainstream yet but it's getting there, opening opportunities for this technology.

I suspect this will mostly be relegated to businesses, though, since most people enjoy keeping their data relatively private