Improving positioning indoors with imaging data

Sep 17, 2012
For the mapping NAVVIS uses both vertical and horizontal laser scans.The environment is displayed as a three-dimensional point cloud. Credit: G. Schroth/TUM

Whether you're walking, biking or driving, navigation systems can help you get from A to B - as long as you have a GPS signal. To find our way around large and complex buildings like hospitals or airports, we often need to rely on vague signs. Researchers at Technische Universitaet Muenchen have come up with a new technology. The NAVVIS system uses visual information and realistic 3D images to point users in the right direction.

The NAVVIS positioning system is primarily based on . The TUM researchers had to develop a special location for this project. They started by taking photos of a building, simultaneously mapping prominent features like stairs and signs. A smartphone app then lets users view the map images to find their current location. All they have to do is take a photo of their surroundings. The program then compares the photo with the images stored in its database and works out the user's exact position (down to the nearest meter) and the direction in which they are facing. The app uses arrows to point the way in a 3D view.

NAVVIS uses realistic 3D images to point users in the right direction. Credit: G. Schroth/TUM

NAVVIS is currently being tested at TUM: "With multiple floors and winding corridors, the main campus is something of a maze after several decades of expansion. This makes it an ideal testing ground for NAVVIS," declares Georg Schroth, who is heading up the project at TUM's Institute for Media Technology. NAVVIS has other potential uses besides navigation, as his colleague Robert Huitl explains: "The software can also be used for augmented reality applications if you add on special programs. So for instance, visitors to the would not only be able to locate the Mona Lisa, but also view information about the painting or find directions to other works by da Vinci." Another possibility would be virtual tours on a PC or smartphone.

NAVVIS is suitable for all places beyond the reach of . Wireless network signals can also be used for approximate positioning. When the application is started, the system loads the available visual data packets. The user takes a photo of their surroundings. The program then compares it with the database images in a fraction of a second and reveals the user's exact position. There is a snag, however, in that buildings are constantly changing: Signs are sometimes removed and large buildings will have construction work going on from time to time. Georg Schroth explains how NAVVIS stays up to date: "The system doesn't just position the user, it also utilizes the user's photos to record changes in the interior and overwrite obsolete data."

Realistic 3D reconstruction of a hallway at Technische Universitaet Muenchen. Credit: G. Schroth/TUM

The TUM researchers are using a mapping trolley to map buildings. The trolley includes two laser scanners, single lens reflex cameras and a 360 degree camera. When the trolley passes along a corridor, the two lasers scan the dimensions horizontally and vertically and create a virtual map using three-dimensional point clouds. Software is then used to lay the photos over the pixels. This produces a realistic three-dimensional view.

Explore further: Continental works on infrared for car multi-touch

Related Stories

3D Navigation System — Even for Off-roaders

Feb 22, 2006

Siemens has developed a navigation system with a three-dimensional map display. These true-to-life images of entire streets and intersections make it easier for drivers to find their destinations even in unfamiliar ...

New technology could make TV more exciting

Feb 02, 2005

Live TV outside broadcasts that combine real action and computer-generated images could become possible for the first time, thanks to camera navigation technology now under development. The work is opening up the prospect of ...

Mapping out the future of GPS technology

Feb 16, 2012

Ditching satellites and complex, powerful computers and opting for camera technology inspired by small mammals may be the future of navigation systems.

WLAN leads the way

Feb 05, 2008

Wireless radio networks not only provide convenient access to the Internet; they also help pedestrians to reliably navigate through narrow city streets or buildings. Fraunhofer researchers and partners are currently demonstrating ...

Recommended for you

Continental works on infrared for car multi-touch

Dec 23, 2014

Using infrared technology, gesture-control features might find their way into the "affordable" market segment. Automotive supplier Continental, with an eye on the future, is working on intelligent infrared ...

How will Google, Apple shake up car insurance industry?

Dec 22, 2014

Car insurance industry, meet potential disrupters Google and Apple. Currently, nearly all mainstream insurers that offer driver-monitoring programs use relatively expensive devices that plug into a portal under the dashboard. ...

Cyclist's helmet, Volvo car to communicate for safety

Dec 21, 2014

Volvo calls it "a life-saving wearable cycling tech concept." The car maker is referring to a connected car and helmet prototype that enables two-way communication between Volvo drivers and cyclists for proximity ...

California puzzles over safety of driverless cars

Dec 21, 2014

California's Department of Motor Vehicles will miss a year-end deadline to adopt new rules for cars of the future because regulators first have to figure out how they'll know whether "driverless" vehicles ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.