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Scientists introduce DIProT—an interactive deep learning toolkit for efficient protein design

Scientists introduce DIProT—an interactive deep learning toolkit for efficient protein design
Protein design process and toolkit overview. Credit: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.synbio.2024.01.011

Scientists have developed DIProT, an innovative, user-friendly toolkit for protein design. The toolkit utilizes a non-autoregressive deep generative model to address the protein inverse folding problem, integrating human expertise into the design loop for efficient and effective protein design.

Protein design, a crucial aspect of biological sciences, involves creating amino acid sequences that fold into desired protein structures. This process, known as the protein inverse folding problem, has been a challenge in the field.

To that end, a team of researchers from Tsinghua University (THU) in China introduced DIProT, an interactive toolkit that leverages a non-autoregressive deep generative model to tackle this issue.

"Proteins play a crucial role in numerous biological functions," explains corresponding author of the study Xiaowo Wang, a professor in the Department of Automation at Tsinghua University. "Both predicting the structure of a given protein sequence, as exemplified by AlphaFold, and designing that conform to a given protein structure pose their unique challenges."

To develop DIProT, the researchers integrated deep learning models with human expertise directly into the design process, thereby enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of protein design.

"DIProT's unique approach allows users to specify the target structure and fix parts of the sequence they want to preserve, enhancing the design process's flexibility," adds Wang. "The toolkit also incorporates a protein structure prediction model to evaluate designs in silico, forming a virtual design loop that significantly improves protein design efficiency."

One of the key features of DIProT is its user-friendly graphical (GUI), which integrates multiple algorithms to facilitate a fast and intuitive feedback design loop. The GUI allows users to interact with the design outcomes visually, aiding understanding and interpretation of the results.

The authors, who published their study in the journal Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology, expect DIProT to be highly useful for practical protein design tasks. "We hope that DIProT will stimulate further research in the field and serve as a useful tool for tackling increasingly complex and diverse protein design challenges."

The researchers plan to refine their inverse folding and to tackle increasingly complex and diverse protein design challenges in the future.

More information: Jieling He et al, DIProT: A deep learning based interactive toolkit for efficient and effective Protein design, Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.synbio.2024.01.011

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Citation: Scientists introduce DIProT—an interactive deep learning toolkit for efficient protein design (2024, May 20) retrieved 17 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-scientists-diprot-interactive-deep-toolkit.html
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