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New rapid method to predict effects of conservation actions on complex ecosystems

New rapid method to predict effects of conservation actions on complex ecosystems
The computation time required to parameterize an ensemble of 1,000 feasible and stable ecosystem models using both the standard-EEM and SMC-EEM methods. This figure shows the medians (dots) and 7.5%–92.5% quantiles (error bars) of computation times. Note, the computation time for any one ecosystem network was capped at 104 seconds due to the computational burden of the simulation study. Credit: PLOS Computational Biology (2024). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1011976

A new way to analyze the effects of conservation actions on complex ecosystems has cut the modeling time from 108 days to six hours, QUT statisticians have found.

Ph.D. researcher Sarah Vollert, from the School of Mathematical Sciences and the QUT Center for Data Sciences, said it was impossible to predict exactly how conservation actions would affect each species.

"Though well-intentioned, conservation actions have the potential to backfire," Vollert said.

"For example, if decide to eradicate , it could lead to explosive populations of their prey species, like rabbits.

"Uncontrolled rabbit populations could then have devastating effects on the vegetation, destroying the habitat need to survive.

"This hypothetical example shows how challenging it can be to predict the cascading effects of conservation actions, where changes in one species can trigger a , affecting many others."

Vollert said limited computational power had impeded the capability of mathematical models to identify the probabilities of unintended consequences from conservation actions on each of the species in an ecosystem.

"To get around the problem simplified representations of ecosystems are used to generate results in a reasonable timeframe," she said.

"In this research, I used some of the latest data-science techniques in the field of approximate Bayesian statistics to increase the efficiency of conservation risk analyses, without sacrificing any accuracy.

"These connections hadn't been solidified before, yet connecting this ecosystem planning tool to Bayesian statistics allowed us to develop faster methods.

"Using my new methods, when we considered Victoria's Phillip Island's ecosystem with complex species interactions described by ecologists, we generated the model in six hours.

"But, to have used the existing tools would have taken 3.5 months.

"This faster method means ecologists don't need to simplify their understanding of an ecosystem to use the conservation risk assessment tool."

The study, "Unlocking ensemble ecosystem modeling for large and ," was published in PLOS Computational Biology.

The QUT researchers were Vollert, Professor Christopher Drovandi and Dr. Matthew Adams.

More information: Sarah A. Vollert et al, Unlocking ensemble ecosystem modelling for large and complex networks, PLOS Computational Biology (2024). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1011976

Journal information: PLoS Computational Biology

Citation: New rapid method to predict effects of conservation actions on complex ecosystems (2024, March 27) retrieved 21 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-03-rapid-method-effects-actions-complex.html
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