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A new optical metamaterial makes true one-way glass possible

A new optical metamaterial makes true one-way glass possible
Cobalt-based optical Tellegen meta-atom and isotropic Tellegen metamaterial with its effective material parameters. a Uniaxial Tellegen meta-atom operating in the visible. b Schematics of the bulk optical Tellegen metamaterial with cobalt-silicon meta-atoms. The yellow arrows depict the orientations of the local magnetization in single-domain ferromagnetic nanocylinders. Effective parameters of the metamaterial in b: (c) relative permittivity, (d) relative permeability, and (e) bulk Tellegen parameter. Credit: Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-45225-y

A new approach has allowed researchers at Aalto University to design a kind of metamaterial that has so far been beyond the reach of existing technologies. Unlike natural materials, metamaterials and metasurfaces can be tailored to have specific electromagnetic properties, which means scientists can create materials with features desirable for industrial applications.

The new metamaterial takes advantage of the nonreciprocal magnetoelectric (NME) effect. The NME effect implies a link between specific properties of the material (its magnetization and polarization) and the different field components of light or other . The NME effect is negligible in , but scientists have been trying to enhance it using metamaterials and metasurfaces because of the technological potential this would unlock.

The work is published in the journal Nature Communications.

"So far, the NME effect has not led to realistic . Most of the proposed approaches would only work for microwaves and not , and they also couldn't be fabricated with available technology," says Shadi Safaei Jazi, a doctoral researcher at Aalto. The team designed an optical NME metamaterial that can be created with existing technology, using conventional materials and nanofabrication techniques.

The new material opens up applications that would otherwise need a strong external magnetic field to work—for example, creating truly one-way glass. Glass that's currently sold as "one-way" is just semi-transparent, letting light through in both directions. When the brightness is different between the two sides (for example, inside and outside a window), it acts like one-way glass. But an NME-based one-way glass wouldn't need a difference in brightness because light could only go through it in one direction.

"Just imagine having a window with that glass in your house, office, or car. Regardless of the brightness outside, people wouldn't be able to see anything inside, while you would enjoy a perfect view from your window," says Safaei. If the technology succeeds, this one-way could also make more efficient by blocking the thermal emissions that existing cells radiate back toward the sun, which reduces the amount of energy they capture.

More information: Shadi Safaei Jazi et al, Optical Tellegen metamaterial with spontaneous magnetization, Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-45225-y

Journal information: Nature Communications

Provided by Aalto University

Citation: A new optical metamaterial makes true one-way glass possible (2024, February 14) retrieved 20 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-optical-metamaterial-true-glass.html
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