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The dynamics of bright-dark exciton transition in a semiconductor material

The dynamics of bright-dark exciton transition in a semiconductor material
The atomic structure, Brillouin zone, absorption spectrum, and wave function distributions of direct and indirect excitons in a 2 × 2 × 1 supercell of anatase TiO2. Credit: USTC

A research team has uncovered the dynamics of bright-dark exciton transition in anatase TiO2. Their findings have been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Excitons, quasi-particles formed by the binding of electrons and holes in condensed matter systems via Coulomb interaction, exhibit distinct properties as bright and dark excitons. While bright excitons directly couple with light and play a pivotal role in , dark excitons, with their relatively longer lifetimes, hold significance in , Bose-Einstein condensation, and light-energy harvesting.

The study was led by Prof. Zhao Jin and Associate Prof. Zheng Qijing from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), in collaboration with Hrvoje Petek, a professor from the University of Pittsburgh.

The study, using GW plus the real-time Bethe–Salpeter equation, combined with nonadiabatic molecular dynamics (GW + rtBSE- NAMD), explored the formation dynamics of optically excited bright to strongly bound momentum-forbidden dark excitons in anatase TiO2 (a renowned for its exceptional light absorption capabilities and its ability to activate bright excitons under light excitation). Due to the material's indirect band gap nature, bright excitons ultimately relax to the band edges, forming dark excitons.

The bright-dark exciton transition exhibited a novel pathway upon considering many-body effects within the excitons—the interaction between electrons and holes. This revelation unveiled an extended timescale for the transition process, where bright excitons transform into dark excitons within approximately 100 femtoseconds, several times faster than previously understood. Crucially, the many-body effects within excitons played a pivotal role during this transition.

This study sheds light on how semiconductor materials' excitonic dynamics are affected by many-body interactions, offering crucial insights for designing light-based devices and energy materials. It also exemplifies the and innovative computational approaches in unraveling the intricate dynamics of excitons, paving the way for advancements in and technology.

More information: Aolei Wang et al, Ultrafast many-body bright–dark exciton transition in anatase TiO2, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2023). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2307671120

Provided by University of Science and Technology of China

Citation: The dynamics of bright-dark exciton transition in a semiconductor material (2024, January 15) retrieved 20 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-01-dynamics-bright-dark-exciton-transition.html
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