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Research unveils nickel-based catalysts with remarkable economic feasibility

Groundbreaking research unveils nickel-based catalysts with remarkable economic feasibility
Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology

In a development set to transform the chemical industry on a global scale, Professor Chang Ho Yoo in the Department of Chemistry at UNIST has successfully developed a highly efficient and stable carbonylation catalytic reaction using nickel catalysts. This achievement, published in Science, offers a promising alternative to the widely used rhodium catalysts in the acetyl process.

Carbonylation is a crucial reaction involved in the conversion of methanol to and ester compounds to organic acid anhydride. With more than 13 million tons of acetyl compounds produced annually worldwide, this reaction plays a vital role in the chemical industry.

Traditionally, precious metals such as rhodium and iridium have been employed as catalysts in the commercial carbonylation process. However, these metals present challenges due to their scarcity, high cost, toxicity, and environmental impact. In this groundbreaking research, Professor Yoo harnessed the abundant nickel transition metals as a sustainable and cost-effective alternative.

Existing have limited , and they have not been used in industry since the 1970s. Professor Yoo's research team successfully addressed this limitation by employing an imidazole-based N-heterocyclic carbene ligand, replacing the conventional phosphine ligands used in traditional nickel catalysts. The carbene ligand demonstrated superior stability and activity, exhibiting comparable performance to the rhodium catalysts currently used in commercial applications.

"We have developed a nickel catalyst that matches the activity level of the existing rhodium catalyst," noted Professor Yoo. "This achievement is remarkable as it paves the way for the practical use of nickel catalysts in industrial settings." The research findings were conducted by Professor Yoo's team at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

This development not only offers a sustainable alternative to precious metal catalysts but also holds the potential to revolutionize the by enabling the widespread adoption of nickel catalysts. The abundance, low cost, and reduced of nickel make it an attractive option for large-scale industrial applications. As this research breakthrough progresses toward commercialization, it is expected to drive significant advancements in the carbonylation process and open up new avenues for sustainable and efficient chemical production.

More information: Changho Yoo et al, Nickel-catalyzed ester carbonylation promoted by imidazole-derived carbenes and salts, Science (2023). DOI: 10.1126/science.ade3179

Journal information: Science

Citation: Research unveils nickel-based catalysts with remarkable economic feasibility (2023, November 28) retrieved 25 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-11-unveils-nickel-based-catalysts-remarkable-economic.html
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