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Study: Your local sea snail might not make it in warmer oceans, but oysters will

Your local sea snail might not make it in warmer oceans, but oysters will
Credit: Rush Dhillon

The frilled dog winkle may sound like a complex knot for a tie, but this local sea snail holds clues to our warmer future, including a dire outlook for species that can't move, adapt, or acclimate as fast as their environment heats up.

To figure out how location affects vulnerability to a changing climate, UBC zoology researchers Drs. Fiona Beaty and Chris Harley collected from the Strait of Georgia, a potential hot spot of climate risk, and the Central Coast, where waters are cooler and warming more slowly. Their paper is published in the journal Ecology.

They monitored in the lab, in water heated to current and future projected , and in the field along shorelines.

Movement and snails don't go together

They found Strait of Georgia snails were 50% more vulnerable to , experiencing current seawater temperatures much closer to the upper limits of what they can tolerate than snails on the Central Coast. Indeed, up to one-third more snails perished when kept on the Strait shoreline over summer than those kept on the Central Coast.

Your local sea snail might not make it in warmer oceans—but oysters will
Nucella lamellosa or frilled dogwinkles. Credit: Dr. Christopher Harley

"These creatures are already experiencing temperatures beyond their in the Strait, and they're unlikely to keep up with warming oceans because they can't move very far," says Dr. Beaty, who completed the research during her Ph.D. at UBC.

She says the work highlights that climate risk can be tied to location, even for people. If a can't move from an environment that is changing faster than the species can adapt, it could be in trouble.

The Strait could represent a dead zone in the species' future. Meanwhile, species that will survive in a warmer future are likely those more tolerant of heat with shorter life spans, such as oysters and northern anchovy, as well as those that feed on them, such as whales.

More information: Fiona Beaty et al, Not just range limits: Warming rate and thermal sensitivity shape climate change vulnerability in a species range center, Ecology (2023). DOI: 10.1002/ecy.4183

Journal information: Ecology

Citation: Study: Your local sea snail might not make it in warmer oceans, but oysters will (2023, November 29) retrieved 29 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-11-local-sea-snail-warmer-oceans.html
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