This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:


peer-reviewed publication

trusted source


Missing link explains mRNA delivery in brain cells

Missing link explains mRNA delivery in brain cells
Localization of the FERRY complex in neurons. Credit: Schumacher et al. (2023) / MPI-CBG

Brain cells manufacture proteins in every corner, including their long branches. Neurons missing this ability cause severe neurological disorders like disability and epilepsy. The groups of Marino Zerial, Max Planck Institute (MPI) of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden, and Stefan Raunser, MPI of Molecular Physiology in Dortmund, together with colleagues from the MPI for Brain Research in Frankfurt am Main and the MPI for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen have discovered a new delivery mechanism that brings messenger RNA (mRNA), the proteins' blueprint, to the point of need in neurons.

Using an array of techniques, the researchers have identified a protein complex, named FERRY, that links mRNA to intra-cellular carriers, and elucidates its role and structure. The discovery may lead to a better understanding of neurological disorders caused by FERRY malfunction and possibly to new medical targets. The results are detailed in two recent works, published back-to-back in the journal Molecular Cell.

"These publications provide a major advancement to elucidate the mechanisms underlying mRNA distribution in ," Marino Zerial says. Cells produce vital proteins using mRNA as a blueprint and ribosomes as 3D printers. Yet, brain cells have a logistic challenge to overcome: A tree-like shape with branches that can span centimeters in the brain. "This implies that thousands of mRNAs need to be transported far away from the nucleus, resembling the logistic effort of properly supplying supermarkets in an entire country," Jan Schuhmacher says, first author of the study.

So far, researchers attributed the carrier role to spherical compartments inside the cell, called Late Endosomes. However, MPI scientists argue that a different form of the compartments, called Early Endosomes (EEs), are also suitable as mRNA carriers, due to their ability to travel in both directions along intracellular road networks.

In the first publication, led by Marino Zerial from MPI in Dresden, scientists discovered the function of a that they called FERRY (Five-subunit Endosomal Rab5 and RNA/ribosome intermediarY). In neurons, FERRY is linked to EEs and works similarly to a tie-down strap during transport. It interacts directly with mRNA and holds it onto EEs, which hence become logistic carriers for mRNA transport and distribution in brain cells.

Missing link explains mRNA delivery in brain cells
Transport of mRNA in neurons along intracellular road networks (Microtubles) by the FERRY complex. Credit: Schumacher et al. (2023) / MPI-CBG

Complex details

But how does FERRY bind to mRNA? That's when Stefan Raunser's group from the MPI Dortmund comes into play. In the second publication, Dennis Quentin and colleagues used (cryo-EM) to infer the structure of FERRY and the molecular features that allow the complex to bind to both EEs and mRNAs. The new 3D atomic model of FERRY, with a resolution of 4 Ångstroms, shows a novel mode of binding RNA, which involves coiled-coil domains.

The scientists also explained how some genetic mutations affect FERRY's ability to link mRNA thus leading to neurological disorders. "Our research sets the groundwork for a more comprehensive understanding of neurological disorders caused by a failure of mRNA transport or distribution that might also lead to the identification of therapeutically relevant targets," Raunser says.

More information: Jan S. Schuhmacher et al, The Rab5 effector FERRY links early endosomes with mRNA localization, Molecular Cell (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.05.012

Dennis Quentin et al, Structural basis of mRNA binding by the human FERRY Rab5 effector complex, Molecular Cell (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.05.009

Journal information: Molecular Cell

Provided by Max Planck Society

Citation: Missing link explains mRNA delivery in brain cells (2023, June 2) retrieved 21 September 2023 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Catch me if you can: How mRNA therapeutics are delivered into cells


Feedback to editors