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Researchers simulate bubble collapse near oscillating walls

Pusan National University researchers simulate bubble collapse near oscillating walls
Researchers from Korea and Vietnam simulate the dynamics of bubble collapse near oscillating walls in a new study, showing that the bubble collapse in such a case has high maximum flow speed and peak impact pressures. Their findings could help resolve microjet direction and cavitation erosion control problems. Credit: Prof. Warn-Gyu Park from PNU, Korea.

Bubble dynamics plays a significant role in mechanics, chemistry, medicine, and biology. Understanding their interactions with the surrounding walls of the container is crucial for numerous applications, including cavitation erosion, underwater explosion, ultrasonic cleaning, shock wave lithotripsy (for treating kidney stones) and needle-free jet injection.

As a result, researchers have explored bubble behavior both experimentally and theoretically (through ). However, such studies have largely considered the container walls to be rigid and their findings are inadequate for instances involving oscillating walls—a significantly more complex behavior—such as erosion, cavitation, and microjet flow control.

Addressing this issue, a team of researchers from Vietnam and Korea led by Prof. Warn-Gyu Park from Pusan National University (PNU) in Korea, numerically investigated the collapse of a spherical bubble characterized by a Rayleigh collapse time, TR near a rigid wall oscillating with a large amplitude (greater than one percent of the bubble radius). Their work was made available online on December 14, 2022 and was published in Physics of Fluids.

"The bubble collapse was simulated using a compressible two-phase, namely water and vapor, flow model and the volume of fluid interphase-sharpening technique. Further, we used a moving grid scheme and a sinusoidal function to represent the wall oscillations," explains Mr. Quang-Thai Nguyen, a Ph.D. student at PNU and the first author of the study. "We then verified the predictions of our model against on bubbles and their dynamics near fixed walls. Following this, the case of oscillating walls were considered."

In their two-phase model, the researchers simulated the walls as initially moving either towards (in-phase) or away from (out-of-phase) the bubble. While the in-phase wall motion compressed the bubble surface leading to a high internal pressure, the opposite happened in the out-of-phase case. In both cases, however, the bubble collapsed faster and more violently than for the fixed wall scenario. Significant jet formation and higher pressure peaks were also observed. However, the collapse times were different in each case—0.0 TR for in-phase and 1.0 TR for out-of-phase motion.

Additionally, the researchers determined the effect of the wall oscillation amplitude-to-bubble radius and wall oscillation time period-to-TR ratios on bubble behavior, namely its size, collapse time, and migration, and the wall shock impact, namely the flow speed and impact pressure. The simulation revealed multiple features, including a for the in-phase scenario for an oscillation amplitude-to-bubble radius of 0.5.

While these results are interesting in themselves, they have applications beyond extending the knowledge of bubble-wall interactions. "They will contribute to the development of new technologies in , transferring laboratory-scale applications to commercial-scale operations. For instance, the high values of maximum jet flow speed and peak impact pressures observed in our study could help resolve existing microjet direction and cavitation erosion control problems," says Prof. Park.

"Furthermore, the advanced numerical method can be extended to analyze multiphase compressible flows in areas such as , life science and biomedicine, and high-velocity projectiles," he concludes.

More information: Quang-Thai Nguyen et al, Numerical study of dynamics of cavitation bubble collapse near oscillating walls, Physics of Fluids (2022). DOI: 10.1063/5.0132049

Journal information: Physics of Fluids

Provided by Pusan National University

Citation: Researchers simulate bubble collapse near oscillating walls (2023, February 9) retrieved 22 July 2024 from
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