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Licorice leaf extract is a promising plant protectant for conventional and organic agriculture

Licorice leaf extract is a promising plant protectant for conventional and organic agriculture
Tomato plants treated with water, Glycyrrhiza glabra leaf extract, and a Cu-based product as a control and infected with sporangia of Phytophthora infestans—assessed 7 days after challenge. Credit: Sophie Hermann, Marc Orlik, Petra Boevink, Elke Stein, Andrea Scherf, Ina Kleeberg, Annegret Schmitt, and Adam Schikora

Pesticides have proven effective in protecting crop yield against plant pathogens, but the environmental detriment to nontarget organisms has prompted a tug-of-war between organic and conventional agriculture practices. This poses the question: How can growers and farmers sustain their business in the safest, most responsible way?

While copper, a naturally occurring pesticide, has been widely implemented in response to this question, finding additional biocontrol methods will reduce copper use and further contribute to .

A study by Sophie Hermann and colleagues, recently published in Plant Disease, reveals another promising biocontrol alternative. Since the licorice plant has broadly benefitted other industries, the researchers tested its impact as a pesticide—discovering that the licorice leaf extract is a potent bactericide and fungicide.

Corresponding author Adam Schikora explains, "In the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and , the interest focuses primarily on roots of the licorice plant. The leaves and upper parts of the plant are byproducts and often neglected. However, we show their potential as a base for plant protection products, which may be utilized in both conventional and organic agriculture systems."

Using plant efficacy trials, the researchers tested the impact of licorice leaf extract on the virulence of common, highly in the model plant Arabidopsis and in tomato. Their results demonstrate that licorice leaf extract modulates plant immune responses to pathogens, involving both and ethylene-based responses. The extract also acts against a particular late blight-causing oomycete that is resistant to metalaxyl, the active ingredient in several synthetic fungicides.

Altogether, these exciting results offer a potential way to naturally control caused by a vast range of pathogens, including bacteria and oomycetes. Schikora comments, "The possibility to develop biological alternatives for plant protection that are sustainable and employ otherwise unused materials will not only help in our agricultural approaches, but also support local, circular economies."

Further studies can help extract every bit of potential that licorice leaf extract holds as an alternative plant protection measure in the production of economically important crops.

More information: Sophie Hermann et al, Biocontrol of Plant Diseases Using Glycyrrhiza glabra Leaf Extract, Plant Disease (2022). DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-12-21-2813-RE

Provided by American Phytopathological Society

Citation: Licorice leaf extract is a promising plant protectant for conventional and organic agriculture (2023, February 8) retrieved 18 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-02-licorice-leaf-conventional-agriculture.html
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