Multi-heterointerfaces for selective and efficient urea production

Multi-heterointerfaces for selective and efficient urea production
The synthesis route for the controlled synthesis of Co-NiOx@GDY through a three-step strategy including the first growth of a film of cobalt-nickel bimetal mixed nanosheets on the surface of nickel foam (Co-NiOxHy), followed by a calcination treatment to obtain Co-NiOx, and finally the in-situ growth of ultrathin GDY films on the surface of Co-NiOx through a cross-coupling reaction with hexaethynylbenzene (HEB) as the precursor. Credit: Science China Press

A major impediment to industrial urea synthesis is the lack of catalysts with high selectivity and activity. Prof. Yuliang Li (Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences) and coworkers reported a new catalyst system suitable for the highly selective synthesis of industrial urea by in-situ growth of graphdiyne on the surface of cobalt-nickel mixed oxides.

The researchers found that such a catalyst is a multi-heterojunction interfacial structure resulting in the obvious incomplete charge transfer phenomenon between graphdiyne and metal oxide interface and multiple intermolecular interactions. These intrinsic characteristics are the origin of the high performance of the catalyst.

The team also demonstrated that the catalyst could effectively optimize the adsorption/desorption capacities of the intermediate and promote the direct C-N coupling by significantly suppressing by-product reactions toward the formation of H2, CO, N2, NH3.

The catalyst can selectively synthesize urea directly from nitrite and in water at and pressure and exhibits record-high Faradaic Efficiency (FE) of 64.3%, nitrogen selectivity (Nurea-selectivity) of 86.0%, carbon selectivity (Curea-selectivity) of ~100%, as well as the urea yield rates of 913.2 μg h-1 mgcat-1 and remarkable long-term stability.

The work is published in the journal National Science Review.

More information: Danyan Zhang et al, Multi-heterointerfaces for selective and efficient urea production, National Science Review (2022). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwac209

Citation: Multi-heterointerfaces for selective and efficient urea production (2022, December 21) retrieved 13 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2022-12-multi-heterointerfaces-efficient-urea-production.html
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