Advanced microscopy study reveals molecular details of tight control over cell migration

Advanced microscopy study reveals molecular details of tight control of cell migration
Credit: King's College London

Scientists at King's have used advanced microscopy techniques including FRET-FLIM microscopy, computational image analysis, biochemical and cell biological approaches to reveal a novel mechanism in how mammalian cells tightly control cell migration.

The research, published today in Nature Communications, is the result of collaboration between the Krause Lab and the Stramer Lab, both in the Randall Centre for Cell & Molecular Biophysics at King's, and the Ameer-Beg Lab in the School of Cancer & Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Cell migration is fundamental for the existence of multicellular animals, including humans, as certain cells migrate throughout the embryo to form specific tissues. It is also crucial for human health throughout lifeā€”for example during acute wound healing. Its deregulation allows to leave the and colonize distant sites (cancer metastasis).

Even though cell migration has been studied for a long time, how it is tightly controlled is not well understood. The polymerisation of a protein (actin) network behind the provides the pushing force for membrane protrusion and, consequently, cell migration.

The research by the Krause, Stramer and Ameer-Beg Labs shows that this tight control of cell migration is mediated by the Nance-Horan Syndrome-like 1 (NHSL1) protein which inhibits the initiation of actin polymerisation at the leading edge of migrating . NHSL1 belongs to the poorly investigated Nance-Horan Syndrome protein family along with Nance-Horan Syndrome (NHS) and NHSL2 proteins. Mutations in the NHS gene cause Nance-Horan syndrome, which is characterized by dental abnormalities, developmental delay, and congenital cataracts.

The scientists are now turning to NHS to study whether deregulated cell migration may play a role in the pathogenesis of Nance-Horan Syndrome. In addition, they are investigating whether the Nance-Horan Syndrome protein family act as tumor suppressors because deregulation of cell migration is a hallmark of cancer metastasis, and NHSL1 is required for tight control of .

More information: Ah-Lai Law et al, Nance-Horan Syndrome-like 1 protein negatively regulates Scar/WAVE-Arp2/3 activity and inhibits lamellipodia stability and cell migration, Nature Communications (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-25916-6

Journal information: Nature Communications

Citation: Advanced microscopy study reveals molecular details of tight control over cell migration (2021, September 28) retrieved 27 January 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2021-09-advanced-microscopy-reveals-molecular-tight.html
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