Novel technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen

Novel technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen
Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology

A research team led by Professor Guntae Kim in the School of Energy and Chemical Engineering at UNIST has announced a breakthrough in technology that efficiently converts liquid ammonia into hydrogen. Their findings have also attracted significant attention from academic research communities owing to its new analysis protocol, capable of finding optimal process environments.

In this study, the research team succeeded in producing green (H2) in large quantities with a purity of nearly 100 percent by decomposing (NH3) into electricity. Besides, according to the research team, such method consumed three times less power than hydrogen made using electrolysis of water.

Ammonia has emerged as an attractive potential hydrogen carrier due to its extremely high energy density, and ease of storage and handling. Moreover, the electrolysis of ammonia to produce nitrogen and hydrogen only requires an external voltage of 0.06 V theoretically, which is much lower than the energy needed for water electrolysis (1.23 V), noted the research team.

In this study, the research team propose a well-established procedure using in operando gas chromatography that enables us to reliably compare and evaluate the new catalyst for ammonia oxidation. According to the research team, with the protocol, they could distinguish in detail the competitive oxidation reaction between the ammonia oxidation and oxygen evolutionreactions with real-time monitoring.

  • Novel technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen
    Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
  • Novel technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen
    Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology

With the use of flower-like electrodeposited Pt catalyst, researchers have efficiently produced hydrogen with less power consumption of 734 LH2 kW h−1, which is significantly lower than that of the water-splitting process (242 LH2 kW h−1). "The use of this rigorous protocol should help to evaluate the practical performances for ammonia oxidation, thus enabling the field to focus on viable pathways towards the practical electrochemical of to hydrogen," noted the research team.

Novel technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen
Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology

This study has been co-authored by Minzae Lee, Myung-gi Seo, Hyung-Ki Min, and Youngheon Choi from Lotte Chemical R&D Center, respectively. Their work has also been featured on the inside back cover of Journal of Material Chemistry A, which was made available online in March 2021 ahead of final publication in May 2021.


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More information: Yejin Yang et al, A rigorous electrochemical ammonia electrolysis protocol with in operando quantitative analysis, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (2021). DOI: 10.1039/D1TA00363A
Journal information: Journal of Materials Chemistry A

Citation: Novel technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen (2021, August 12) retrieved 4 October 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2021-08-technique-seamlessly-ammonia-green-hydrogen.html
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