Compositional dependence of perovskite nanocrystal properties

Compositional dependence of perovskite nanocrystal properties
Fig. 1: Morphological and optical properties of FAPbBr3 PNCs. From: Coherent vibrational dynamics reveals lattice anharmonicity in organic–inorganic halide perovskite nanocrystals

Researchers from Skoltech and Ludwig Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Germany have studied the fundamental properties of halide perovskite nanocrystals, a promising class of optoelectronic materials. Using a combination of theory and experiment, they were able to show and explain an intricate connection between composition, light-induced lattice dynamics, and stability of the materials. The paper was published in the journal Nature Communications.

Perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) are semiconductor nanocrystals that, thanks to their , have found a number of applications in optoelectronics, for instance, in lasers and LEDs. PNCs have a much higher photoluminescence quantum yield compared to bulk materials. Moreover, at nanoscale the quantum-confinement can be achieved, which could be used as an additional means of tuning optical properties of such materials. Metal halide perovskites have that make the optical properties of made from these materials more tolerant to defects than other semiconducting materials.

Assistant Professor at the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology (CEST) Sergey Levchenko and his colleagues used atomistic modeling to explain the results of femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy, a method that allows to observe lattice dynamics in real time. They studied the coherent lattice vibrational dynamics—how atomic structure of PNCs evolves after excitation with a laser pulse with a duration shorter than the period of vibrational modes—for hybrid halide PNCs.

Compositional dependence of perovskite nanocrystal properties
Fig. 2: Vibrational wave-packet dynamics. From: Coherent vibrational dynamics reveals lattice anharmonicity in organic–inorganic halide perovskite nanocrystals

They found, among other things, that energy transfer between vibrational modes in iodine-based is much more pronounced than in bromine-based ones due to a difference in interaction between the inorganic framework and the organic moiety in organic–inorganic halide PNCs.

"These results pave the way to a rational control over fundamental properties of such PNCs, including upon optical excitation and charge-carrier relaxation, via compositional changes," Levchenko says.


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More information: Tushar Debnath et al, Coherent vibrational dynamics reveals lattice anharmonicity in organic–inorganic halide perovskite nanocrystals, Nature Communications (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-22934-2
Journal information: Nature Communications

Citation: Compositional dependence of perovskite nanocrystal properties (2021, June 8) retrieved 15 June 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-06-compositional-perovskite-nanocrystal-properties.html
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