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Researchers demonstrate enhanced radiative heat transfer for nanodevices

Researchers demonstrate enhanced radiative heat transfer for nanodevices
Experimental platform used to probe the radiative heat transfer. (a) Scheme of two Si microplates suspended by 706−μm -long beams and mounted on a heating stage controlling their temperature. (b) Diagram of the hot and cold plates coated with SiO2 nanolayers and separated by a vacuum gap g=10.7μm . Scanning electron microscope image of the (c) device and (d) its close-up on the rectangular box in (c). Credit: Physical Review Letters (2024). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.132.186904

Researchers from Japan have been working hard to keep their cool—or at least—keep their nanodevices from overheating. By adding a tiny coating of silicon dioxide to micro-sized silicon structures, they were able to show a significant increase in the rate of heat dissipated. This work may lead to smaller and cheaper electronic devices that can pack in more microcircuits.

As become ever more compact, while still boasting increased , the need to manage from microcircuits has grown to become a major concern.

Some and nanoscale machines require careful consideration of how localized heat will be shunted out of the device in order to prevent damage.

Some cooling occurs when heat is radiated away as —similar to how the sun's power reaches the Earth through the vacuum of space. However, the rate of energy transfer can be too slow to protect the performance of sensitive and densely packed integrated electronic circuits.

For the next generation of devices to be developed, novel approaches may need to be established to address this issue of heat transmission.

In a study recently published in the journal Physical Review Letters, researchers from Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, showed how the rate of radiative heat transfer can be doubled between two micro-scale silicon plates separated by a tiny gap.

The key was using a coating of silicon dioxide that created a coupling between the thermal vibrations of the plate at the surface (called phonons) and the photons (which make up the radiation).

"We were able to show both theoretically and experimentally how electromagnetic waves were excited at the interface of the oxide layer that enhanced the rate of heat transfer," lead author of the study, Saeko Tachikawa says.

The small size of the layers compared with the wavelengths of the electromagnetic energy and its attachment to the silicon plate, which carries the energy without loss, allowed the device to surpass the normal limits of heat transfer, and thus cool faster.

Because current microelectronics are already based on silicon, the findings of this research could be easily integrated into future generations of semiconductor devices.

"Our work provides insight into possible heat dissipation management strategies in the , along with various other related fields such as nanotech manufacturing," says senior author, Masahiro Nomura.

The research also helps to establish a better fundamental understanding of how works at the nanoscale level, since this is still an area of active research.

More information: Saeko Tachikawa et al, Enhanced Far-Field Thermal Radiation through a Polaritonic Waveguide, Physical Review Letters (2024). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.132.186904

Journal information: Physical Review Letters

Citation: Researchers demonstrate enhanced radiative heat transfer for nanodevices (2024, May 9) retrieved 19 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-nanodevices.html
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