Microscope allows gentle, continuous imaging of light-sensitive corals

Microscope allows gentle, continuous imaging of light-sensitive corals
Using the L-SPI microscope to visualize the re-infection of an Astrangia polyp (cyan from reflected light) with algae (red from chlorophyll fluorescence), injected by pipette into the mouth of the polyp. Credit: Loretta Roberson

Corals are "part animal, part plant, and part rock—and difficult to figure out, despite being studied for centuries," says Philippe Laissue of University of Essex, a Whitman Scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory. Many corals are sensitive to bright light, so capturing their dynamics with traditional microscopes is a challenge.

To work around their photosensitivity, Laissue developed a custom light-sheet microscope (the L-SPI) that allows gentle, non-invasive observation of corals and their polyps in detail over eight continuous hours, at high resolution. He and his colleagues, including MBL Associate Scientist and coral biologist Loretta Roberson, published their findings this week in Scientific Reports.

Coral reefs, made up of millions of tiny units called polyps, are extremely important ecosystems, both for marine life and for humans. They harbor thousands of marine species, providing food and economic support for hundreds of millions of people. They also protect coasts from waves and floods, and hold great potential for pharmaceutical and biotechnological discovery.

But more than half of the world's are in severe decline. Climate change and other human influences are gravely threatening their survival. As ocean temperatures rise, coral bleaching is afflicting reefs worldwide. In , corals expel their and become more susceptible to death.

  • Microscope allows gentle, continuous imaging of light-sensitive corals
    A coral polyp (Astrangia poculata) in the L-SPI sample chamber with tentacles fully extended. Credit: Loretta Roberson
  • Microscope allows gentle, continuous imaging of light-sensitive corals
    Darkfield imaging is used to reveal the non-autofluorescent coral tissue in the Northern Star coral (Astrangia poculata), a species with no intrinsic fluorescence. Non-fluorescent tissue (cyan) and dinoflagellates (magenta) are combined in the image. Credit: Philippe Laissue, Scientific Reports, 2020

"The L-SPI opens a window on the interactions and relationship between the coral host, the symbiotic algae living in their tissues, and the calcium carbonate skeleton they build in real time," Roberson says. "We can now track the fate of the algae during [coral] bleaching as well as during initiation of the symbiosis."

Roberson is also using Laissue's imaging technology to measure damage to corals from "bioeroders"— like algae and sponges that break down a 's skeleton, a problem exacerbated by ocean acidification and increasing water temperatures.

More information: Pierre Philippe Laissue et al, Long-term imaging of the photosensitive, reef-building coral Acropora muricata using light-sheet illumination, Scientific Reports (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67144-w

Journal information: Scientific Reports

Citation: Microscope allows gentle, continuous imaging of light-sensitive corals (2020, June 30) retrieved 25 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2020-06-microscope-gentle-imaging-light-sensitive-corals.html
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